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Cleghorn, Hugh Francis Clarke (physician, botanist)



  • Existence: 1820 - 1895


Hugh Francis Clarke Cleghorn was born on 9 August 1820 in Madras (now Chennai), India, though the family returned to Strathvithie, Dunino, Fife, Scotland in 1824. He was the grandson of Hugh Cleghorn (1752–1837), colonial administrator and the first British colonial secretary to Ceylon. Hugh Francis Clarke Cleghorn received his early education at the Royal High School in Edinburgh and then he studied at the University of St Andrews where he graduated in 1837. He went on to study medicine at Edinburgh University and was awarded an M.D. in 1841.

Qualifying for the Indian Medical Service, Cleghorn was first employed as a physican - or surgeon - but while in India he developed his interest in botany which had begun back in Scotland. In India he pioneered both botany and forest conservancy and became known as the founder of scientific forestry.

His publications include the catalogue Hortus Madraspatensis (1853) and the book Forests and gardens of South India (1861).

Hugh Francis Clarke Cleghorn died at Strathvithie on 16 May 1895

Found in 5 Collections and/or Records:

Amateur watercolour in Northwest Himalaya (?by Cleghorn), mid 19th century

Identifier: Coll-1619/10/14
Scope and Contents

Amateur watercolour in Northwest Himalaya (?by Cleghorn) annotated "Right bank of Ravee opposite Decinal Bara Bansu" (river Ravi).

Dates: mid 19th century

Amateur Watercolour of timber forest, 19th century

Identifier: Coll-1619/7
Scope and Contents

Amateur watercolour by ?Cleghorn - Timber Forest on Chobu ka koh Birmaur.

Dates: 19th century

Drawings and prints collected by Hugh Cleghorn

 Fonds — Box Coll-1619, Box: Coll-1619 / E2015.23
Identifier: Coll-1619
Scope and Contents

The collection is composed of lithographs, engravings, and woodcuts, notes and news-clippings, drawings, sketches, tracings and water-colours, and photographs of drawings. These feature trees, flowers and leaves, figures, animals and places in the Himalayas and across India... Indian life, forests and gardens.

Dates: 17th-19th century

Notes on Cleghorn's Northwest Himalayan Journeys, 1862

Identifier: Coll-1619/6/1-2
Scope and Contents

Two small notes on Cleghorn's Northwest Himalayan Journeys, dated 1862.

Dates: 1862

Two proof plates from Cleghorn’s Forests & Gardens of South India, 1861

Identifier: Coll-1619/19/1-2
Scope and Contents

Two proof plates (7,13) from Cleghorn's Forests & Gardens of south India, D. Hamilton delt. [Major Douglas Hamilton, who drew forest sceneries], W. H. MacFarlane, Lithr. Edinr [William Husband MacFarlane, Edinburgh lithographer].

Dates: 1861

Additional filters:

Archival Object 4
Collection 1
Himalaya Mountains 3
Watercolor painting 3
Landscape 2
Animals 1
Botanical illustration 1