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Pollock, Martin Rivers, 1914-1999 (professor of biology, University of Edinburgh)

 Person

Biography

Martin Rivers Pollock was born on 10 December 1914, the son of Hamilton Rivers Pollock and Eveline Morton Pollock. He attended Winchester College before gaining a place at Trinity College Cambridge in 1933 (Senior Scholarship 1936). At Cambridge he studied Medicine (pre-clinical), moving to University College Hospital Medical School, London to complete his medical training in 1937-1939. He qualified M.B., B.Chir. in 1940.

Pollock held hospital appointments at University College Hospital and Brompton Chest Hospital 1939-1941 before joining the Emergency Public Health Laboratory Service as a Bacteriologist in 1941. In 1943 he was seconded to a Medical Research Council unit to work on infective hepatitis. In 1945 Pollock was formally taken onto the staff of the Medical Research Council. He worked at the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Mill Hill, London, initially under Sir Paul Fildes before being appointed Head of the Division of Bacterial Physiology in 1949. He remained at the NIMR to 1965, spending two periods (1948 and 1952-1953) studying in the laboratory of Jacques Monod at the Institut Pasteur, Paris. Pollock had for some years being considering the possibility of establishing a unit for teaching and research in molecular biology, which would bring together bacterial genetics and biochemistry, and a number of possible locations had been evaluated. M.M. Swann, the Dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of Edinburgh, persuaded Pollock to move north and in 1965 Pollock was appointed Professor of Biology at Edinburgh. Shortly afterwards, his colleague William Hayes moved from the MRC Unit for Bacterial Genetics at Hammersmith Hospital London. Together they established at Edinburgh the Department of Molecular Biology, the first such teaching department in the world. Pollock took early retirement in 1976, moving to Dorset. He took no further active part in scientific research but maintained his growing interest in the relationship between science and art, organising a major conference on the subject in 1981. He died in December 1999. Pollock's thirty years of scientific research from the end of the Second World War, both at the NIMR and Edinburgh University, focused on enzyme induction in bacteria. He studied the mechanism by which beta-lactamase enzymes (particularly penicillinase) are involved in the development of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. For his contributions in this area Pollock was elected to the Fellowship of the Royal Society in 1962. In the 1970s Pollock became interested in developments in biotechnology and artificial intelligence, encouraging interdepartmental cooperation in these areas.

Found in 347 Collections and/or Records:

'Speculations on the [?] structural basis for control of enzyme synthesis function in bacteria', delivered at Cambridge, Glasgow, Bristol and Sheffield, 1966-1967

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/1/F.53
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Series: This sub-series chiefly contains notes for public and invitation lectures by Martin Rivers Pollock. There are also a few lectures delivered within the University of Edinburgh but these appear to be 'one-off' lectures to other departments rather than part of a regular teaching course.Most of the material consists of manuscript notes for the lecture, usually giving headings of main points, examples, and some outline text. Many have indications of slides to be used, referred to by a...
Dates: 1966-1967

'Spheres of nucleic acid interaction in micro-organisms', Biochemistry Club, Manchester, 27 May 1968, 1968

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/1/F.59
Scope and Content

The material consists of manuscript notes relating to lecture 'Spheres of nucleic acid interaction in micro-organisms' by Martin Rivers Pollock, given at Biochemistry Club, Manchester, 27 May 1968.

Dates: 1968

Tables and figures, 1960

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/1/F.30
Scope and Contents

The material consists of tables and figures for lecture 'The specificity of enzyme induction' by Martin Rivers Pollock, presented at the Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh symposium, May 1960.

Dates: 1960

'Technology out of control? A red herring', Chaplaincy Centre, University of Edinburgh, 8 February 1969, 1969

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/1/F.60
Scope and Content

The material consists of manuscript notes relating to lecture 'Technology out of control? A red herring' by Martin Rivers Pollock, given at the Chaplaincy Centre, University of Edinburgh, 8 February 1969.

Dates: 1969

'Technopolis', Science Centre, Stirling University, 18 November 1969, 1969

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/1/F.62
Scope and Content

The material consists of manuscript notes relating to lecture 'Technopolis' by Martin Rivers Pollock, given at Science Centre, Stirling University, 18 November 1969.

Dates: 1969

Test results sent to Pollock for examination, 1973

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/D/3/D.59
Scope and Contents

The material consists of test results sent to Pollock for examination, dated 1973.

Dates: 1973

Test results sent to Pollock for examination, 1973

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/D/3/D.60
Scope and Contents

The material consists of test results sent to Pollock for examination, dated 1973.

Dates: 1973

'The basis of chemotherapeutic action', Science and Health , 1959

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/E/1/E.8
Scope and Content

The material consists of 'The basis of chemotherapeutic action', Science and Health off-print only, 1959.

Dates: 1959

'The biochemical approach to the problem of drug resistance in bacteria' by Pollock and M.H. Richmond, 1963-1964

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/B/B.6
Scope and Content

The material consists of typescript drafts by Pollock and M.H. Richmond, the earlier ones with extensive manuscript annotation and correction; 9pp typescript copy as sent; and related correspondence.

Dates: 1963-1964

Additional filters:

Type
Archival Object 346
Collection 1
 
Subject
Lectures and Lecturing 109
Correspondence 98
Biology 27
Penicillin 17
Santiago (Chile) 6