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Rashid al-Din, 1247-1318 (historian, physician, inventor)



  • Existence: 1247-1318

Rashid al-Din was a physician and court historian to the Ilkhanid court. Born about 1247 AD into a Jewish family, he converted to Islam and served as vizier (prime minister) to the sultan. He died in 1318 AD, being executed on a charge of poisoning his royal master. Before that, however, he wrote what would become one of the world’s most important historical and artistic documents: Jami’ al-Tawarikh, a history of the world as it was then known, covering not only the history of the Mongols, but also that of the Chinese, Franks and Indians.

Found in 1 Collection or Record:

Jāmiʿ al-tawārīkh (Compendium of Chronicles by Rashid al-Din), 714 A.H. (1314 C.E.)

Identifier: Or Ms 20
Scope and Contents This work, the greatest oriental treasure of Edinburgh University Library, is one of the supreme masterpieces of Persian book painting and one of the most important medieval manuscripts from either West or East. It was written by the historian and vizier to the Ilkhanid court, Rashid al-Din, and copied in Tabriz by the author's own scribes and illustrators. There is some debate as to the exact date of this manuscript, but it was almost certainly completed within the author's lifetime, making it...
Dates: 714 A.H. (1314 C.E.)