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Appleton, Sir Edward Victor, 1892-1965 (physicist and principal of the University of Edinburgh)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1892 - 1965

Biography

Appleton was born in Bradford and educated at local schools and St John's College, Cambridge where he was awarded first class honours and several prizes in both parts of the Natural Sciences Tripos (1913, 1914). He began research at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge with W.L. Bragg, but during his service in the Army Signals in the First World War he developed the interest in valves and 'wireless' signals which informed his subsequent research career. He returned to the Cavendish Laboratory in 1919, continuing to work on valves and, with B. van der Pol, on non-linearity, and on atmospherics. In 1924, in collaboration with M.F. Barnett, he performed a crucial experiment which enabled a reflecting layer in the atmosphere to be identified and measured; subsequent research indicated the existence of more than one reflecting layer. From 1924 to 1936 Appleton was Wheatstone Professor of Physics at King's College, London, directing research teams and, in 1932, heading an expedition to Tromsö in northern Norway as part of the programme of observations scheduled for the Second International Polar Year

He was President of the International Union of Scientific Radio (URSI), 1934-1952. In 1936 he succeeded C.T.R. Wilson in the Jacksonian Chair of Natural Philosophy at Cambridge, where he continued collaborative research on many ionospheric problems, including solar and lunar tides in the E-layer. From September 1936 he served on the re-constituted Committee for the Scientific Survey of Air Defence (the 'Tizard Committee'), and in October 1938 was appointed successor to Sir Frank Smith as Secretary to the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR). He remained at the DSIR throughout the Second World War and until 1948 when he was appointed Principal of Edinburgh University. He took up the appointment in May 1949 and remained in office until his death in 1965. Appleton was elected FRS in 1927 (Bakerian Lecture 1937, Hughes Medal 1933, Royal Medal 1950) and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1947 for his investigations into the ionosphere. He was knighted in 1941.

Found in 828 Collections and/or Records:

Correspondence between W.J.G. Beynon and Edward Appleton, 1953

 File
Identifier: Coll-37/C.370
Scope and Contents

Correspondence between W.J.G. Beynon and Edward Appleton, dated 1953. The material includes reports by Beynon on M.C.I. [Mixed Commission on the Ionosphere] meeting at Canberra in August 1952, and on the meeting on the International Geophysical Year at Brussels, July 1953, information on next meeting of the M.C.I. in Brussels, 1954, etc.

Dates: 1953

Correspondence between W.J.G. Beynon and Edward Appleton, 1955

 File
Identifier: Coll-37/C.374
Scope and Contents

Correspondence between W.J.G. Beynon and Edward Appleton, dated 1955. The material relates to U.R.S.I. [Union Radio-Scientifique Internationale] and M.C.I. [Mixed Commission on the Ionosphere] affairs, organisation of I.G.Y. [International Geophysical Year] and arrangements for the meeting in the U.S.A. in 1957. It includes and offprint of an article on I.G.Y. by Appleton from The Times, 17 January.

Dates: 1955

Correspondence between W.J.G. Beynon and Edward Appleton, January 1956-March 1956

 File
Identifier: Coll-37/C.375
Scope and Contents

Brief correspondence between W.J.G. Beynon and Edward Appleton, dated January 1956-March 1956.

Dates: January 1956-March 1956

Correspondence, data and drafts exchanged by Edward Appleton and A.J. Lyon, 1955 and undated

 File
Identifier: Coll-37/C.142
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, data and drafts exchanged by Edward Appleton and A.J. Lyon, dated 1955. The material is similar to Coll-37/C.141 and it includes references to W.J.G. Beynon's findings (see Coll-37/C.143-C.144) and some undated notes by Appleton.

Dates: 1955 and undated

Correspondence, data and research notes, 1957-1959

 sub-sub-sub-series
Identifier: Coll-37/C.157-C.165
Scope and Contents Correspondence, data and research notes, dated 1957-1959. The material consists of exchanges between Edward Appleton and C.P. Bell, who was at that time a research student working with W.E.J. Farvis in the Department of Electrical Engineers at Edinburgh. In early 1957, a serious road accident interrupted Bell's research, and during his convalescence and recovery, he assisted Appleton with data analyses and mathematical calculations for various projects, and in particular with research on...
Dates: 1957-1959

Correspondence, data and research notes exchanged by Edward Appleton and A.J. Lyon, 1954

 File
Identifier: Coll-37/C.141
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, data and research notes exchanged by Edward Appleton and A.J. Lyon, dated 1954. Some of the material is from Slough, where Lyon worked during the summer and some of Appleton's notes are addressed to A.G. Pritchard jointly with Lyon.

Dates: 1954

Correspondence, data, photographs, etc., exchanged by Edward Appleton, R. Naismith and L.J. Ingram, 1936

 File
Identifier: Coll-37/C.196
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, data, photographs, etc., exchanged by Edward Appleton, R. Naismith and L.J. Ingram, dated 1936.

Dates: 1936

Correspondence from 1st Viscount Cherwell (F.A. Lindemann) to Edward Appleton, 1945

 File
Identifier: Coll-37/E.27
Scope and Contents

Correspondence from 1st Viscount Cherwell (F.A. Lindemann) to Edward Appleton, dated 1945. The material includes comments on a draft paper by Appleton, with manuscript notes by Appleton and W.R. Piggott.

Dates: 1945

Correspondence from A. G. Lee and H. Narinder to Edward Appleton, 1925, 1933

 File
Identifier: Coll-37/C.21
Scope and Contents

Correspondence from A. G. Lee and H. Narinder to Edward Appleton. The correspondence from A.G. Lee relates to Post Office reception methods and is dated 1925. The correspondence from H. Narindner is dated 1933.

Dates: 1925, 1933

Correspondence from A. Gray to Edward Appleton, 1956 and no date

 File
Identifier: Coll-37/E.43
Scope and Contents

Correspondence from A. Gray to Edward Appleton, 1956 and no date. The material encloses references and information.

Dates: 1956 and no date

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