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Ashworth, James Hartley, 1874-1936 (professor of zoology and later of natural history, University of Edinburgh)



James Hartley Ashworth was born on 2 May 1874 in Accrington, Lancashire, and was brought up in Burnley. In 1892 he entered Owens College, Manchester, with the intention of studying chemistry. Instead, he turned towards zoology. In 1895 he graduated from London University with the degree of B.Sc. with Honours in Zoology and Botany, and obtained a D.Sc. from the same institution in 1899. After a temporary post as Demonstrator and Assistant Lecturer back at Owens, Ashworth spent several months at the Biological Station in Naples where he became interested in marine biology and marine zoology. In 1900 he was appointed as an Assistant at Edinburgh University and in 1901 he became Lecturer in Invertebrate Zoology. In 1905 a Diploma in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene was instituted and Ashworth worked vigorously to organise the classes in entomology and parasitology (medical entomology and protozoology). The course was extended to cover Helminthology and to the institution of the Diploma in Public Health and then the Diploma in Tropical Veterinary Medicine. In 1919 he was appointed to a new Chair of Zoology taking over the Invertebrates while Professor James Cossar Ewart (1851-1933) remained in charge of Vertebrata. When James Cossar Ewart retired in 1927, Ashworth succeeded to the Chair of Natural History. He worked hard to improve conditions for his Department and established a building fund to which the Rockefeller Foundation made a substantial grant. A new departmental building was opened at the University's King's Buildings site on 15 May 1929 and became known as the Ashworth Laboratory. Ashworth's publications include The giant nerve cells and fibres of Halla parthenopeia (1909), a piece on Arenicolidae for the Catalogue of the Chaetopoda in the British Museum (1912), and On larvae of Lingula and Pelagodiscus (Discinisca) (1915). In addition to his departmental responsibilities, he was an active member of the Royal Physical Society, the Scottish Zoological Society, and the British Association, and he also served on the Council of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Professor James Hartley Ashworth died on 4 February 1936.

Found in 4 Collections and/or Records:

Letter to James Cossar Ewart from James Ashworth, 25 November 1931

Identifier: Coll-14/9/37/11
Scope and Contents

Ashworth congratulates Ewart on his 80th birthday on behalf of the staff of the Zoology Department at the University of Edinburgh, and hopes that Ewart's investigations on the structure and evolution of the feathers are progressing well.

Dates: 25 November 1931

Papers of Professor James Hartley Ashworth (1874-1936)

 Fonds — Multiple Containers
Identifier: Coll-285
Scope and Contents

The collection consists of papers, notebooks of courses taken at Owens College, Manchester, 1892-1895, and diaries of visits to, for example Australia for meetings of the British Association, June-October 1914, and to Canada, USA, Cuba and Panama.

Dates: 1892-1914

Portrait photograph of James H Ashworth, 1936

Identifier: EUA CA1/1/62
Scope and Content From the Series:

A series of photographs of administrative and academic staff and others.

Dates: 1936

Two copies of 'A Bibliography of the Works of James Cossar Ewart', compiled by J.H Ashworth, F. Fraser Darling, Imperial Bureau of Animal Genetics (1934), 1934

Identifier: Coll-14/3/9
Scope and Contents

Printed as a supplement to Animal Breeding Abstracts, Vol. 1. One copy contains typed additions.

Dates: 1934

Additional filters:

Archival Object 3
Collection 1
Bibliography 1
Birthdays 1
Feathers--Morphology 1
Natural History 1
Zoology 1