Description of events at Sottrum, North Germany, 1813-1814, after the French defeat in 1812
Scope and Contents
It opens with a description of the countryside around Sottrum, and during the course of the fighting it mentions historical notables and events including: General Carra St. Cyr; Prince Reuss; Frederick William Duke of Brunswick; General Montesquieu; the Battle of Cuelm, August 1813; Marshall Davoust; Colonel von Benkendorf; von Berg; von Pahlen; General Lettenborn; Lieutenant Wilke; and General Vandamme.
Original post wrappings have been preserved in the collection. The package had been addressed to Archibald Walker, Esqre, London, 19 Bishopsgate. The wrapping also has labels: '385 / aus J.E. Jburg's / German American Express's / German American Express / etc'
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
Biographical / Historical
In the Moscow Campaign, Napoleon had lost 380,000 men and another 100,000 had been captured, and seeing an opportunity, Prussia, Sweden, Austria and a number of German States re-entered the war. Major battles in Germany in 1813 included Luetzen and Bautzen in May 1813, Dresden in August 1813, and the Battle of Leipzig (the Battle of the Nations) in October 1813. Napoleon would subsequently lose the French Campaign in 1814, and go into exile on Elba briefly before being defeated finally at Waterloo in 1815.
The description of events near Sottrum, North Germany - between Ottersberg and Rotenburg, just to the southwest of Hamburg - which is the focus of the material of this collection, can be read in the context of events in Germany at the time, and just prior to the defeat of Napoleon in 1814. The description appears to have been written 50 years after the event and tells of the rout of between six thousand and eight thousand French troops by a handful of Hamburg volunteers and cossacks.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- Eye-witness account of events near Sottrum, North Germany, 1813-1814, in the wake of the French defeat in Russia in 1812
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