Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject HeadingsScope Note: Created For = NAHSTE
Found in 14 Collections and/or Records:
Scope and Contents Document by Carlo Gemmellaro concerning the course of the lava flows on Mount Etna during the eruption of 1852, 21 April 1858.
Dates: 21 April 1858
Geology of Vesuvius and Etna extracted from the letters of Charles Lyell, September and October 1858
Scope and Contents Material relating to the geology of Mount Vesuvius in Southern Italy and Mount Etna in Sicily as extracted from the letters of Sir Charles Lyell, written during a visit to the area in September and October 1858. He discusses several geological formations in the mountains and occasionally gives sketches to illustrate his points. He also mentions: that he has received a list of shells from the Pliocene clay on which Mount Etna is placed which he hopes will provide a precise paleontological date...
Dates: September and October 1858
Scope and Contents Document written by Sir Charles Lyell at Messina on the Island of Sicily describing his visit there in the autumn of 1857. The bulk of the document is spent describing the way lava flows down both steep and gentle slopes and specifically discusses the lava flow resulting from the 9 month long eruption of 1852/3. In addition he discusses the formation of the Val del Bove, 9 November 1857.
Dates: 9 November 1857
Scope and Contents Notes for 4 lectures on the 'Volcanic History of Britain', given to the Royal Institution in 1886. Sir Archibald Geikie looked at the emergence of types of geological formations against a geological timeframe and how they have been affected by various processes, especially the action of volcanoes and materials produced by them, within the natural world. He used examples from numerous locations from different parts of the British Isles.
Scope and Contents Letter to Leonard Horner from Sir Charles Lyell discusing the internal structure of lava flows. Lyell also remarks on the probable nature of the additions to the core of Mount Vesuvius that had occurred that year, with illustrations, 10 December 1857.
Dates: 10 December 1857
Scope and Contents Letter to Sir Archibald Geikie from Capt Clarence Edward Dutton discussing his field trip to the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii). He reports on the large scale of the ultra basic basalt lava flows of the Mauna Loa eruption and the lack of cinder cones. He reports on the ferruginous nature of the lavas and their high olivine content along with observed layers of hematite and magnetite. He describes the volcano's impressive topography and its inability to support running water. He asks...
Dates: 23 January 1883
Scope and Contents Letter to Sir Archibald Geikie from Capt Clarence Edward Dutton telling him that he is undertaking field work in New Mexico. He is concentrating on the plateau country aided by good topographic maps of the region. He tells Geikie that there are landforms and cliffs similar to those in Utah and Arizona with exposures of Triassic, Permain and Cretaceous strata. These are overlain with evidence of volcanic activity, ancient basalt of 50-200 feet depth on the plateau. Young basalt, in vast lava...
Dates: 21 July 1884
Scope and Contents Letter to Sir Charles Lyell from Carlo Gemmellaro, principally replying to a letter sent to him by Lyell. He mentions the thickness and incline of lava flows of the Balzo of Aci Reale coming down from the side of Mount Etna, with sketch. He answers specific questions that Lyell has put to him in a previous letter regarding details of Gemmellaro's theory, stating that he does not feel himself obliged to accept the opinions of Waltershausen and mentions the discovery of some rocks at a beach near...
Dates: 1 May 1858
Scope and Contents Letter to Sir Charles Lyell from Carlo Gemmellaro relating to the geology of the Mount Etna area. Gemmellaro states that Lyell is soon to receive a map copied from Waltershausen's marked with the profile of the extension of the 1852 lava. He mentions his brother's [Giuseppe] gratefulness for Lyell's subscription to the English house at Mount Etna and discusses lava flow at the Balyo di Aci Reale, with map. Apologises for being unable to provide Lyell with measurements for this but states that...
Dates: 16 April 1858
Scope and Contents Letter to Sir Charles Lyell from Carlo Gemmellaro in answer to a previous letter sent by Lyell. He apologises for not being able to answer Lyell's questions as he has been ill and promises that he will return to Aci to try to detect Wolfgang Sartorius Von Waltershausen's mistakes as to what Mercurio says on the eruption of 1852. He mentions carboniferous soil in Sicily, local units of measurement and lava flow on the island. He also thanks Lyell for sending a printed abstract of the proceedings...
Dates: 25 March 1858