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Murchison, Sir Roderick Impey, 1792-1871 (1st Baronet | Scottish geologist)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 22 February 1792- 22 October 1871

Sir Roderick Impey Murchison ( 1792-1871), developed the modern classification of the Palaeozoic period, through his research emphasising biostratigraphy; the deposition of strata indicated by fossils. In the course of his career he successively defined the Silurian, Devonian and Permian strata, which replaced Greywacke and Coal Measures in the scientific literature.
After serving with the army in the Peninsula War and a period of time pursuing his interest in hunting, the independently wealthy Murchison began attending lectures at the Royal Institution. In 1825 he joined the Geological Society of London. Shortly afterwards he read the society his first paper, on the geology of parts of Sussex, Hampshire and Surrey. In the following five years Murchison made field explorations to Scotland, France, and the Alps with either Adam Sedgwick or Charles Lyell. In 1831 he began a study of the Early Palaeozoic rocks in South Wales. These studies were the basis of his defining work The Silurian System, ( 1839) . Further geological research in south western England and the Rhineland, in collaboration with Adam Sedgwick, defined the Devonian System. Russian field expeditions, in conjunction with French colleagues, became the basis for the definition of the Permian System. These expeditions also resulted in his works The Geology of Russia in Europe, ( 1845) and The Ural Mountains, ( 1845) . Successive editions of his expanded treatise on the Silurian System, Siluria, ( 1854) (5th ed. 1872) were also prepared. Latterly he became interested in encouraging geographical exploration and colonialism.
Murchison was president of the Geological Society of London in both 1831-1832 and 1842-1843 and became long term president of the Royal Geographical Society in 1844. As one of the founders of the British Association he was elected president for 1846. He was knighted in 1846 and also awarded the Russian Order of St. Stanislaus of the 1st Class. Appointments as director general of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, and director of the Government School of Mines and the Museum of Economic Geology, London, followed in 1855. From 1863-1871 he was Patron of the Edinburgh Geological Society during which time he was raised to a Baronet. In 1871 he founded a Chair of Geology and Mineralogy at the University of Edinburgh.

Found in 46 Collections and/or Records:

Notebook No.58, 2 July 1835- August 1835

 Item — Box: Lyell-temp-box 3
Identifier: Coll-203/A1/58
Scope and Contents This black leather notebook contains notes from Charles Lyell on geological observations in Britain, Paris and Neufchatel. Adddresses of correspondents are throughout the notebook, and referenced in Lyell's Own Index. The index is pasted to the back cover, and the front cover reads "No 58, July + August 1835, Paris + Neufchatel". The following table of contents is Lyell's own words, copied from Lyell's own "Index", found at the beginning and end...
Dates: 2 July 1835- August 1835

Notebook No.62, 3 February 1836-12 August 1836

 Item — Box: Lyell-temp-box 3
Identifier: Coll-203/A1/62
Scope and Contents In this green leather notebook, Lyell's notes focus on Scottish and British geology, and planning for Principles and Elements of Geology. Notes are written in pencil and ink, with tables, illustrations, lists, and draft letters. The following table of contents is Lyell's own words, copied from Lyell's own "Index", found at the beginning and end of the notebook, transcribed from digital surrogates using the platform Transkribus. When known, Lyell's...
Dates: 3 February 1836-12 August 1836

Notebook No.63, August 1836- April 1837

 Item — Box: Lyell-temp-box 3
Identifier: Coll-203/A1/63
Lyell's Own Index This black leather notebook contains Lyell's notes on current scholarship from other well-known natural history colleagues, including Darwin, Deshayes, Blackadder, Owen, and more. Notes are made in pencil and ink with some sketches. The index is pasted to the back cover, and the front cover is blank.



Dates: August 1836- April 1837

Notebook No.70, 17 January 1838- April 1838

 Item — Box: Lyell-temp-box 3
Identifier: Coll-203/A1/70
Scope and Contents This brown leather notebook contains notes by Charles Lyell on a variety of subjects, including geological observations from various pits in Britain, notes on the latest edition of Elements of Geology, and addresses of correspondents. The front and back cover are blank, index is located at the back of the notebook, p. 172. The following table of contents is Lyell's own words, copied from Lyell's own "Index", found at the beginning and end of the...
Dates: 17 January 1838- April 1838

Notebook No.73, 22 November 1838-13 March 1839

 Item — Box: Lyell-temp-box 3
Identifier: Coll-203/A1/73
Scope and Contents The red leather notebook includes Charles Lyell's geological observations, sketches, some essays with queries, and a list of species names of the Geological Society Museum collection. There are many references to Charles Darwin. The index is on p. 140, inside back cover. The following table of contents is Lyell's own words, copied from Lyell's own "Index", found at the beginning and end of the notebook, transcribed from digital surrogates using...
Dates: 22 November 1838-13 March 1839

Notebook No.85, 21 October 1840-8 December 1840

 Item — Box: Lyell-temp-box 4
Identifier: Coll-203/A1/85
Scope and Contents This marbled paper and red leather notebook includes Charles Lyell's geological notes on Kinnordy and surrounding area, as well as other areas of Scotland, illustrated with a watercolor cross section on page 61. There are also 'to do' lists, notes on correspondence sent, meeting agendas and lists of persons to whom papers were sent, and notes on conversations with Agassiz. He makes more observations on glacial moraines, and lists of Faluns fossils. Notes are in pencil and ink and complete index...
Dates: 21 October 1840-8 December 1840

Notebook No.88, 16 June 1841-23 July 1841

 Item — Box: Lyell-temp-box 4
Identifier: Coll-203/A1/88
Scope and Contents This green leather notebook contains diverse notes by Lyell, including lists, observations, sketches, and plans for future tours to Wales and North America. Notes are in pencil and ink. There is a sketch of a compass p. 21, and a list of books on American geology at the Geological Society of London on p. 101. The index is the last three pages of the notebook, both covers are unmarked. The following table of contents is Lyell's own words, copied...
Dates: 16 June 1841-23 July 1841

Papers of Sir Archibald Geikie

 Fonds
Identifier: Coll-74
Scope and Contents The papers Sir Archibald Geikie consist of: personal, organisational and scientific correspondence geological notebooks with field sketches and water-colours reprints of his work miscellaneous lecture notes student's lecture notes lecture notes and printed maps relating to a visit to Boston proofs for...
Dates: 1851-1921

Papers of Sir Charles Lyell

 Fonds
Identifier: Coll-203
Scope and Contents
  1. 10 boxes of correspondence
  2. 2 boxes of miscellaneous papers and lecture notes
  3. 24 boxes of offprints of papers
  4. 294 notebooks
Dates: 1820-1874

Papers of Sir Roderick Impey Murchison and his Family

 Fonds
Identifier: Coll-51
Scope and Contents
  1. Family papers
  2. Papers of Kenneth Murchison
  3. Papers of Sir Roderick Impey Murchison
Dates: 1771-1935