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Koestler, Arthur, CBE, 1905-1983 (Hungarian-British author and journalist)



  • Existence: 1905 - 1983


Arthur Koestler was a Hungarian-British author and journalist. He was born in Budapest, 5 September 1905, and, apart from his early school years, was educated in Austria. In 1931 Koestler joined the Communist Party of Germany until, disillusioned by Stalinism, he resigned in 1938. In 1940 he published his novel Darkness at Noon, an anti-totalitarian work that gained him international fame. Over the next 43 years, from his residence in Britain, Koestler espoused many political causes, and wrote novels, memoirs, biographies and numerous essays. In 1968 he was awarded the Sonning Prize 'for [his] outstanding contribution to European culture' and in 1972 he was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE). In 1976 he was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease and in 1979 with terminal leukaemia. In 1983 he and his wife killed themselves at their home in London, 1 March 1983.

Found in 8 Collections and/or Records:

Correspondence and copy letters between Arthur Koestler and publisher Victor Gollancz and others, 1941-1990, and relating specifically to 'Spanish Testament, 'Scum of the Earth', and 'Reflections on Hanging'

 Fonds — Box CLX-A-1318
Identifier: Coll-1745
Content Description Correspondence between Arthur Koestler and publisher Victor Gollancz and others, 1941-1990. Specifically the small collections refer to letters relating to: Spanish Testament; Scum of the Earth; and Reflections on Hanging. The original file covers are retained.In addition to the following material, the file relating to Spanish Testament includes...
Dates: 1941-1990

Dust jacket artwork by Joseph Gross for Arthur Koestler's Arrow in the Blue, 1952

 Item — Box CLX-A-1591
Identifier: Coll-1848/20-0059
Scope and Contents This is a dust jacket artwork for Arthur Koestler's Arrow in the Blue, an autobiography which was published in 1952 by Collins with Hamish Hamilton Ltd. The artwork is by Joseph Gross. There are manuscript instructions and dimensions written around the image. On the verso there are two labels: the artist's label "Joseph Gross 146, Evening Rd, London N 16", and the publisher Collins's label stamped "3 June 1952" with further information...
Dates: 1952

Letters from Arthur Koestler to Kenneth Cohen and "Anita"

 Fonds — Box CLX-A-375
Identifier: Coll-1884
Scope and Contents Three signed letters from Arthur Koestler to Kenneth Cohen, one of which contains a copy of a letter from Koestler to a woman named "Anita". The letters sent to Cohen relate mainly to this "Anita" and her situation after the selling of her coffee shop, to Koestler's trip in Austria in 1969, and to this book The Scum of the Earth. The letter to Anita relates to the sale of her coffee shop, to the RUSI Journal, to the preface of the Danube...
Dates: 1969-1972

Letters of Anders Naessil, including five from Arthur Koestler

 Fonds — Box CLX-A-1141
Identifier: Coll-1936
Content Description This fonds includes seven letters of Anders Naessil: five from Arthur Koestler to A. Naessil, one from A. Naessil to Newsweek magazine, and one from Marie Whiteside, Editor of Newsweek to A. Naessil. Letter from Koestler to Naessil replying to a previous letter, mentioning Naessil's book on Hemingway, Sartre, and a Nobel banquet that Koestler attended. Dated 21 June 1980. Letter from...
Dates: 1980-1983

Papers of Arthur Koestler

Identifier: Coll-146
Scope and Contents Consists of inscribed and annotated books from Koestler's library, along with English-language editions and translations of his work into many languages; and Koestler's manuscripts and papers from 1940 to March 1983. Also contains correspondence with or about members of Koestler's family; personal material including diaries, address books, medical files and other personal documents; literary manuscripts including interviews, broadcasts and speeches; correspondence with specific people;...
Dates: 1939-1993

Papers of Iain Hamilton built around his work on Arthur Koestler

Identifier: Coll-1479
Scope and Contents The collection is composed of the following: Boxes 1-11: Drafts, copies of drafts, annotated drafts, and copy cut and copy edited material Box 12: News cuttings on the deaths of the Koestlers Discarded folios ...
Dates: 1941-1998

Papers relating to the Alpbach Symposium, Austria, 05-09 June 1968, 1968

Identifier: Coll-41/7/46
Scope and Contents

Contains correspondence with Arthur Koestler, who was organising the Symposium, and typescripts of various discussions from the Symposium, which were Waddington's contributions to the printed proceedings, published as Beyond Reductionism: New Perspectives in the Life Sciences (Macmillan, 1968).

Dates: 1968

Typescript letter from Arthur Koestler to Dr. Thomas Koevari

 Fonds — Box CLX-A-1564, Folder: Coll-1804 / SC-Acc-2017-0036
Identifier: Coll-1804
Content Description This typescript letter from Arthur Koestler was sent to Dr Thomas Kovari (Kövári Tamás) who had escaped from Hungary in 1956. The letter to 'Dear Mr. Koevari' - indirectly described by Koestler as a fan - was written from the Berghotel 'Böglerhof', Alpbach, in the Tyrol, Austria, on 2 July 1959. It is signed in Koestler's hand. Koestler thanks Mr. Koevari for the trouble he has taken to point out a passage... a 'howler'.Although the title referred to is un-named, it is ...
Dates: 2 July 1959

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Collection 6
Archival Object 2
Koestler, Arthur, 1905-1983 -- Correspondence 4
Publishers and Publishing 2
Authors and Publishers 1
Book design 1
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