Folio C, c1680-c1708
Scope and Contents
- These are mostly handwritten items, bound together as a volume, though with some loose insertions of manuscripts which had strayed, some of them with modern annotations concerning their provenance. Their scope and content is as David Gregory indexed them, save for the missing items, which consist of two dozen papers and letters on general physics and maths, and several groups of documents by or about Newton, quadrature, Descartes, Fatio, and James Gregorie, along with 7 items covering calendars, minting alloys, the Edinburgh visitation, Huygens' horologium, the teaching of mathematics, and the exploration of the sea.
- Gregory, David, 1659-1708 (professor of mathematics, University of Edinburgh, and Savilian Professor of Astronomy, University of Oxford) (Person)
Biographical / Historical
The largest group of indexed papers in a specific discipline are those in pure mathematics. Their descriptions span quadrature, descent into curves and solids, solving angles by algebra, maxima and minima, geometry in general, game theory, limits, cycloids, cone sections, the Florentine problem, tangents, fluxions, curves, cubes, circles, the catenary curve, hyperbolas and parabolas and the area they cover, quadratics, indeterminate numbers, arithmetic (notably division), planes, ellipses, trigonometry (especially arcs and tangents and log curves), the infinite series, and multinomial expressions.
Authors' names included James Fenton, Craig, Tschurnhaus (sic), Wallis, Descartes, James Gregorie, Hooke, De Sluse, Diophantus, Pythagorus, De Witt, Euclid, Mercator, Huygens, Hudde, Collins, De l'Hopital, Barrow, Kepler, Archibald Pitcairne (concerning his jousting with Edinburgh maths professor John Young), and Campbell. Astronomy papers covered the sun's and moon's periods, planetary position (and a machine to show it), the Cassinian orbit, comets, procession of the equinox, tides, aequitation of days, dates and calendars, notes on Huygens' horologium, eclipses, the parallax measurement, charting the heavens, and gravity. Astronomical authors include Halley, Newton, Flamsteed, James Gregorie, and Wallis.
Notes on physics, theoretical and applied, were meant to cover optics (refraction, notably, and discovering foci in circular reflectors), mechanics and statics (inclined planes, for the most part, and centripital force and trajectories), hydrostatics (on specific gravity, on how 'nautical spirals' are hyperbolic, and on why ships maneuver as they do), and on how sound propagates under water. Gregory also included thoughts on pneumatic, hydrostatic, hydraulic, and barascopic machines and gauges, on microscopes, on a magic lantern he once saw, and on how we might explore the deep sea. Individual authors include Oliphant, Huygens, Michael Dary, Fatio, Newton, Halley, and Boyle.
Gregory's papers encompassed many subjects that were not directly scientific, relating to his wider career as scientist, teacher, and administrator. These consisted of records of quarrels with the Edinburgh visitation committee and with other colleagues, notes on the teaching of mathematics and navigation, some political remarks on the Scottish church and parliament (with a table of the descendants of James I), and a silver-alloying table for Scottish Mint. Subsequent additions to the collections, not listed in the indices, are even more varied. Their dates span his entire professional life. Because palaeographic evidence suggests that these pages were not stored carefully, Gregory may have meant them to be more a stack of back files than an orderly documentary record of anything. Numerous documents on the index have migrated to other caches of Gregory papers or have disappeared completely.
From the Fonds: 0.5 metre
- Barrow, Isaac, 1630-1677 (mathematician, classicist, and divine)
- Boyle, Robert, 1627-1691 (natural philosopher and chemist)
- Collins, John, 1625-1683 (mathematician)
- Descartes, Rene, 1596-1650 (French mathematician)
- Diophantus of Alexandria, c200-c284 (Greek mathematician)
- Duillier, Fatio de, 1664-1753 (Swiss mathematician)
- Edinburgh (Scotland)
- Euclid of Alexandria, 325-265 BC (Egyptian mathematician)
- Fenton, James, fl1689 (Scottish mathematician)
- Flamsteed, John (first Astronomer Royal)
- Gregory, David, 1659-1708 (professor of mathematics, University of Edinburgh, and Savilian Professor of Astronomy, University of Oxford)
- Gregory, James, 1638-1675 (professor of mathematics, University of Edinburgh)
- Halley, Sir Edmund, 1656-1742 (astronomer)
- Hooke, Robert, (1635-1703) (Experimental physicist and professor of geometry, University of Oxford)
- Hudde, Jan, 1628-1704 (Dutch mathematician)
- Huygens, Christiaan, 1629-1695 (Dutch mathematician)
- Kepler, Johannes, 1571-1630 (German mathematician and astronomer)
- Leibniz, Gottfried Willhelm, 1646-1716 (German mathematician and philosopher)
- Mercator, Nicholas, ?1620-1687 (called Kauffmann)
- Newton, Sir Isaac, 1642-1727 (mathematician and astronomer)
- Oxford Oxfordshire England
- Pitcairne, Archibald, 1652-1713 (Scottish physician, amateur mathematician and poet)
- Ptolemy, Claudius, c85 -165 (Egyptian astronomer)
- Pythagoras of Samos, c569 BC-c475 BC (Greek mathematician)
- Schooten, Frans van, 1615-1660 (Dutch mathematician)
- Serenus, d c360 (Greek mathematician)
- Sluse, 1622-1685 (Belgian mathematician)
- Snell, Willebrord, 1591-1626 (called Snellius)
- Tchirnhausen, Ehrenfried Walther Von, 1631 ? 1708 (German mathematician)
- Torricelli, Evangelista, 1608-1647 (Italian mathematician)
- Wallis, John, 1616-1703 (professor of geometry, University of Oxford)