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MS 51: Missal (Use of Toulouse), 16th century

Identifier: MS 51


The manuscript is a French Missal from the 16th century and originating in France. A missal is a liturgical book containing all instructions and texts necessary for the celebration of Mass throughout the year. This specific manuscript is a variant of Toulouse Use.

The Three Masses of Christmas, Masses of Epiphany, Purification, Annunciation, Maundy Thursday, Easter, Ascension, Whitsunday, Corpus Christi, Assumption, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, All Saints, Dedication of Church and Altar, Conception, and Commemoration of the Dead start on f.1v.

The Officium Synodo starts on f.57r.

The Ordinary of the Mass starts on f.58v. The Ordinary of the Mass employs texts that remain the same for every mass. In this mansuctipt it contains musical notation.

The Canon of the Mass starts on f.71r. Canon of the Mass is the name given to the part of the Mass of the Roman Rite that begins after the Sanctus with the words Te igitur. In this mansuctipt it contains musical notation.


A large, uniform Gothic hand with blue and red penwork initials, illuminated initials, and one miniature.


The illuminated initials (for example f.34r, f.37r, f.40v, f.71r) are plain Roman capitals in gold, silver, or colour upon square grounds of the same with conventional or natural foliage. The half-page miniature of the Nativity (f.1v) is of a rather decadent Renaissance type.


  • Creation: 16th century

Language of Materials


Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open to all. The manuscripts can be consulted in the Centre for Research Collections, Edinburgh University Main Library.


1 bound MS volume

Custodial History

The Missal seems to be a variant of Toulouse Use, written for the diocese of Lombès, which was taken from that of Toulouse in 1317 (See Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica, page 310). I have not been able to collate it with a Toulouse Missal, but its Sequences are, with one exception, according to Toulouse Use, 1553 (see Ulysse Chevalier, Repertorium Hymnologicum). The exception is the Sequence for Ascension Day, Rex Omnipotens die hodierna, nutndo triumphali redemptor, which is common to most Uses, but not apparently used at Toulouse (again see Ulysse Chevalier, Repertorium Hymnologicum). There is no Kalendar, but the connection with Lombès is confirmed by the coat of arms (Argent a chevron sable between three roses gules, seeded or; the shield is charged upon a mitre and crosier and encircled by a laurel wreath) on f.1v, which is that of Pierre de Lancrau, Bishop of Lombès from 1561-1598 (he was of an Angevin family). There are no later marks of ownership save a sale entry apparently of late date.

Previous reference

D. b. I. 6.

Physical Facet

Material: Vellum

Binding: Modern

Collation: a4-e4, f3 (wants 3), g4-p4, q3, r4, s4, t2 (wants 1 and 2), v4, x4, y3=81.


39.37 cm x 29.21 cm


Secundo folio: Deus qui hanc

Foliation and number of lines to a page: ff. 81 (83 by original foliation), 21 lines to a page.

Repository Details

Part of the University of Edinburgh Library Heritage Collections Repository

Centre for Research Collections
University of Edinburgh Main Library
George Square
Edinburgh EH8 9LJ Scotland
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