Skip to main content

Fragments of a French Bible, 9th century (825-850)

Identifier: MS 211/I

Scope and Contents

Bible. F. 1: end of Wisdom 19:15-20, Prologue to Ecclesiasticus (begins: Multorum nobis et magnorum per legem; ends: qui secundum legem Domini proposuerunt vitam agere), Capitula of Ecclesiasticus (chapter headings). F. 2: Ecclesiasticus 7:36-10:28 (begins: et benedictio tua gratia datus in conspectu omnibus inventi; ends: servo sensato liberi serviunt et vir).


Explicit of Wisdom in Rustic capitals, Incipit of prologue and headings of Ecclesiasticus in Uncial script. Text in Caroline minuscule. It has been identified as 'a good example of the developed Carolingian minuscule of Tours with also the 'display scripts' modelled on rustic capitals (first column) and uncial (second column). Note also the 'capitulary' script (bottom of second column)' (Prof. D.A. Bullough). A certain 'stiffness' in the letters, however, suggests that it might be a contemporary imitation of a Tours book.


  • Creation: 9th century (825-850)

Language of Materials


Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open to all. The manuscripts can be consulted in the Centre for Research Collections, Edinburgh University Main Library.


2 folios

Custodial History

Bequeathed by David Laing, 1878.

Physical Facet

Material: Vellum

Used in binding and folded horizontally.


39.38 cm x 26.99 cm

Lines to a page

double columns, 48 lines to a page

Repository Details

Part of the University of Edinburgh Library Heritage Collections Repository

Centre for Research Collections
University of Edinburgh Main Library
George Square
Edinburgh EH8 9LJ Scotland
+44(0)131 650 8379