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Gospel Lectionary, 12th century

Identifier: MS 222
f. 1
f. 1


A lectionary is a liturgical book which contains the readings (or lessons) for worship on any given day of the liturgical calendar. The text contained in this manuscript begins with the lesson for Easter Sunday. It also includes ekphonetic symbols, that is musical notations. The musical recitation of the Gospel is still used in the Greek Church, though it rests wholly on tradition, since the meaning of the ekphonetic signs is sometimes obscure. The probably originally showed the rise and fall of the voice and indicated certain stereotyped phrases, but did not give the precise notes used.


The text is in black, the musical recitation marks in red. Rubrics and headings are in red.


There are some illuminated initials.


  • Creation: 12th century

Language of Materials

Ancient Greek.

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open to all. The manuscripts can be consulted in the Centre for Research Collections, Edinburgh University Main Library.


1 bound MS volume

Previous reference

Laing 9.

Physical Facet

Material: Vellum.

Binding: Red plush.


29 cm x 22 cm.


Foliation and number of lines to a page: double columns.

Repository Details

Part of the University of Edinburgh Library Heritage Collections Repository

Centre for Research Collections
University of Edinburgh Main Library
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Edinburgh EH8 9LJ Scotland
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