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Composite manuscript containing six texts by Ramon Llull, 15th century

Identifier: MS 117


This manuscript is a miscellany of texts associated with Ramon Llull, a 13th century philosopher. It is 15th century and probably Italian. The contents are as follows:

ff. 1r-10v: Ars generalis ultima by Ramon Llull

ff. 12r-14v: Liber de Accidente et Substantia by Ramon Llull

ff. 15r-22r: Alphabetum puerile logices by Ramon Llull

ff. 22v-23r: Sumula brevissima istius alphabeti by Ramon Llull

ff. 24r-35r: Consequencia est ilia oratio consequents by Ramon Llull

ff. 36r-46v: Quia ignorantes proposicionem by Ramon Llull

There are some additional annotations and diagrams on f. 47r and f.47v, as well as on the back of the board.

The texts are described separately under MS 117/ff. 1r-10v; MS 117/ff. 12r-14v; MS 117/ff. 15r-22r; MS 117/ff. 22v-23r; MS 117/ff. 24r-35r; and MS 117/ff. 36r-46v.


All four hands are Italian in type and fairly good. The first treatise has red and blue initials, the second and third plain red capitals, the fourth red, and red and blue filigree initials.


The latter half of section one and section two (ff. 7r-10v and ff. 12r-14v) seem to be written in a similar hand, which also seems to have written section four (ff. ff. 22v-23r). The first part of section one is in another hand. Sections three, five and six (ff. 15r-22r, ff. 24r-35r, and ff. 36r-46v) seem to be written in the same hand, which is different to these initial hands. There are also some annotations in other hands, such as the title given to the third section on f. 15r and the diagrams on ff. 47r-47v.


  • Creation: 15th century


Language of Materials


Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open to all. The manuscripts can be consulted in the Centre for Research Collections, Edinburgh University Main Library.


1 bound MS volume

Custodial History

This is probably an Italian manuscript. Four distinct hands are traceable. There are no early marks of ownership. Laing bought the book at a sale at Puttick and Simpson's, 3 June 1861, its number in the catalogue being 806. This number is still on a label on the back.

Previous reference

Laing 166

Previous title

Title given to the manuscript in Catherine Borland’s catalogue: Raymundi Lullii Ars Generalis

Physical Facet

Material: Vellum

Binding: Original, oak boards covered pigskin, 5 bosses on each board (2 lost from the front), brass mounted strap (broken), lettered ' Ars Generalis.'

Collation: a10, b4, c16, d17=47


14.76 cm x 10.16 cm


Secundo folio: Differentia est

Foliation and number of lines to a page: ff. 47, irregular number of lines to a page.

Repository Details

Part of the University of Edinburgh Library Heritage Collections Repository

Centre for Research Collections
University of Edinburgh Main Library
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Edinburgh EH8 9LJ Scotland
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