Skip to main content

Notebook No.90, 13 August 1841-23 August 1841

 Item — Box: Lyell-temp-box 4
Identifier: Coll-203/A1/90

Scope and Contents

This tan leather notebook contains Charles Lyell's notes from his North American tour of New York, including New York City, Albany, Syracuse, Rochester. Notes are predominantly pencil, some ink, a mixture of field notes and travel notes. The index is located at the back of the notebook, both covers are unmarked.

The following table of contents is Lyell's own words, copied from Lyell's own "Index", found at the beginning and end of the notebook, transcribed from digital surrogates using the platform Transkribus. When known, Lyell's abbreviations and contractions have been expanded using brackets []. When writing is unclear, and transcription is not possible, this is denoted using [...]. Quotation marks are Lyell's own notation for ditto, as is the abbreviation "d'o". The inclusion of [sic] indicates the misspelling of a word is deliberate and taken from the notebook.

Lyell's Own Index

Index. Aug[us]t 13th to 23rd. 1841
N[umber] 90.
p. 1, Newhaven, mem[orandum]
p. 1-3, Shepard, Prof[esso]r, his collection
p. 3, Long Island S[an]d
p. 4, 28, 50, 67, 82, Fournal [sic],
p. 6, M[oun]t Carmel, outline of,
p. 6, New Haven, E[ast] [and] W[est] Rocks like Salisbury Crags
p. 8, Shrinkage, birds tracts [and] cheirotherium imply subsidence
p. 8, 10, Newark, red sandstone [and] shale
p. 10, 12, Currents - ice drifted from Baffins Bay [and] Greenland to bank of Newfoundland.
p. 12, Sandwich Island, eruption in, incumbent mass upheaved by lava
p. 12, 14, 15, 17, Hitchcock's Address, notes on,
p. 14, Fossil Fish, localities of,
p. 16, Montreal, notes for
p. 16, Coal, none in Lower Canada
p. 16, [Coal]- near Quebec
p. 20, [Coal]- [Quebec] of diff[eren]t qualities on opposite sides of dikes,
p. 18, Logan, Mr., on bitumen in Coal of S[outh] Wales
p. 22, Boulder Formation in N[ew] York Island
p. 37, [Boulder Formation]- of M[oun]t Carmel
p. 22, Gale, Prof[esso]r on scratches in gneiss of New York Island
p. 24, Connecticut [and] Hudson Rivers compared
p. 24, Palisade to N[ew] York Island, sect[io]n across Hudson R[iver]
p. 24, Trap [and] Hypogene, superposit[io]n of,
p. 24, Hudson R[iver], and Connecticut compared,
p. 24, 26, - [Hudson River and Connecticut] sections across the,
p. 26, - [Hudson River and Connecticut] valley, like Clova
p. 28, - [Hudson River and Connecticut] drift of, in Newburgh district
p. 28, West Point, gneiss hills
p. 28, - [West Point] terraces of drift
p. 28, 30, Newburgh, drift terraces
p. 28, 30, Highlands, slate rocks dipping all ways
p. 32, Catskill mountains
p. 36, 37, Denudation of New Red
p. 36, Tertiary shells, localities of,
p. 38, 39, 42, Albany, clay formation
p. 38, 40, - [Albany] graptolite slate
p. 42, - [Albany] sect[io]n in stream N[orth] of,
p. 44, - [Albany] valleys in clay with blown sand on top,
p. 44, - [Albany] clay [and] sand of, not contorted
p. 42, Arbour Hill, section at,
p. 36, 37, New Red, denudation of
p. 38, 40, Graptolite slate at Albany
p. 28, Drift near the Hudson
p. 28, 30, - [Hudson] terraces of,
p. 42, - [Hudson] section of, 100 f[ee]t deep.
p. 76, - [Hudson] much limestone in near Rochester [et cetera]
p. 70, - [Hudson] at Cedarsville
p. 78, - [Hudson] long Ridge called Hogsback near Rochester
p. 48, 54, Potsdam, altered sandstone
p. 48, Mohawk; R[egion], Little Falls
p. 52, 56, - [Mohawk] valley, potholes p. 56, - [Mohawk valley] section in,
p. 72, 74, - [Mohawk valley] fossils between Cedarville and,
p. 52, 56, Potholes in Mohawk valley
p. 58, 60, Trenton, limestone and fossils
p. 74, - [Trenton] shale
p. 58, 60, Bird's Eye limestone
p. 60, Jacksonburg, section at,
p. 62, Erie, L[ake], elevation - drift - terraces
p. 62, 64, Cedarsville [sic] Creek section
p. 68, - [Cedarville] section from Little falls to,
p. 70, - [Cedarville] limestone quarries, [and] fossils in,
p. 70, - [Cedarville] drift at
p. 94, - [Cedarville] distance of from Rochester
p. 72, Mathers, divis[io]n of rocks in his district.
p. 74, Triarthrus in Trenton Shale
p. 75, Mastodon, in hollows, under marshes,
p. 80, 84, 86, - in Genesee R[iver], canal with recent shells
p. 76, Syracuse to Auburn
p. 75, Hall, J., on localities where Mastodon found
p. 77, - Rink's Swedish fossils more like New York than English Silurian.
p. 78, Senecca [sic] Falls to Geneva - blown sand,
p. 78, - and Rochester, ridge called Hogsback between,
p. 80, Rochester, section near
p. 78, Hog's Back, ridge called,
p. 80, 84, Genesee, R[iver],
p. 84, 86, - [Genesee River] marl with recent shells
p. 88, - [Genesee River] Falls of, section at,
p. 80, 84, 86, - [Genesee River] Mastodon in Canal with rec[en]t shells.
p. 90, - [Genesee River] recession of lower Falls of,
p. 92, - [Genesee River] section of side ravine,
p. 80, Lockport limestone furrowed [and] polished,
p. 86, - [Lockport limestone] fossils of,
p. 3, Bradley
p. 3, Bayley
p. 38, Emmons
p. 14, Holmes
p. 43, Olmstead [sic] [and] Co[mpany]
p. 3, Redfield
p. 4, Torrie
p. 8, 22, Wilson


  • Creation: 13 August 1841-23 August 1841


Language of Materials



100 folios

50 Leaves

1 volume

Archivist's Note

Transcribed by Erin McRae, volunteer, July 2021; Catalogued by Elise Ramsay, Project Archivist, July 2021

Repository Details

Part of the University of Edinburgh Library Heritage Collections Repository

Centre for Research Collections
University of Edinburgh Main Library
George Square
Edinburgh EH8 9LJ Scotland
+44(0)131 650 8379