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Pollock, Martin Rivers, 1914-1999 (professor of biology, University of Edinburgh)

 Person

Biography

Martin Rivers Pollock was born on 10 December 1914, the son of Hamilton Rivers Pollock and Eveline Morton Pollock. He attended Winchester College before gaining a place at Trinity College Cambridge in 1933 (Senior Scholarship 1936). At Cambridge he studied Medicine (pre-clinical), moving to University College Hospital Medical School, London to complete his medical training in 1937-1939. He qualified M.B., B.Chir. in 1940.

Pollock held hospital appointments at University College Hospital and Brompton Chest Hospital 1939-1941 before joining the Emergency Public Health Laboratory Service as a Bacteriologist in 1941. In 1943 he was seconded to a Medical Research Council unit to work on infective hepatitis. In 1945 Pollock was formally taken onto the staff of the Medical Research Council. He worked at the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Mill Hill, London, initially under Sir Paul Fildes before being appointed Head of the Division of Bacterial Physiology in 1949. He remained at the NIMR to 1965, spending two periods (1948 and 1952-1953) studying in the laboratory of Jacques Monod at the Institut Pasteur, Paris. Pollock had for some years being considering the possibility of establishing a unit for teaching and research in molecular biology, which would bring together bacterial genetics and biochemistry, and a number of possible locations had been evaluated. M.M. Swann, the Dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of Edinburgh, persuaded Pollock to move north and in 1965 Pollock was appointed Professor of Biology at Edinburgh. Shortly afterwards, his colleague William Hayes moved from the MRC Unit for Bacterial Genetics at Hammersmith Hospital London. Together they established at Edinburgh the Department of Molecular Biology, the first such teaching department in the world. Pollock took early retirement in 1976, moving to Dorset. He took no further active part in scientific research but maintained his growing interest in the relationship between science and art, organising a major conference on the subject in 1981. He died in December 1999. Pollock's thirty years of scientific research from the end of the Second World War, both at the NIMR and Edinburgh University, focused on enzyme induction in bacteria. He studied the mechanism by which beta-lactamase enzymes (particularly penicillinase) are involved in the development of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. For his contributions in this area Pollock was elected to the Fellowship of the Royal Society in 1962. In the 1970s Pollock became interested in developments in biotechnology and artificial intelligence, encouraging interdepartmental cooperation in these areas.

Found in 347 Collections and/or Records:

'Analogy between enzyme adaptation and antibody production', c. 1951

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/1/F.9
Scope and Content

The material consists of a typescript outline and manuscript notes for a lecture 'Analogy between enzyme adaptation and antibody production' by Martin RIvers Pollock, annotated '?~1951'.

Dates: c. 1951

Annales de l'Institute Pasteur, 1969

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/E/2/E.60
Scope and Content

The material consists of an invitation to Martin Rivers Pollock, serve on the editorial board of the Annales de l'Institute Pasteur (accepted), 1969.

Dates: 1969

'Anthropomorphism and teleology in Molecular Biology: function and purpose in the beta-lactams and their enzymes', 1982

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/E/1/E.59
Scope and Content

The material consists of a 7 page typescript of 'Anthropomorphism and teleology in Molecular Biology: function and purpose in the beta-lactams and their enzymes'. This paper was presented at the EMBO [European Molecular Biology Organisation] Workshop El Escorial, 4-9 July 1982.

Dates: 1982

Application to the Wolfson Foundation for a grant to establish an Applied Microbial Genetics Unit, c 1970

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/C/C.4
Scope and Content

The material consists of an application by Martin RIvers Pollock to the Wolfson Foundation for a grant to establish an Applied Microbial Genetics Unit. This would function in association with the Departments of Molecular Biology and Microbiology.

Dates: c 1970

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 1963-1968

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/E/2/E.61
Scope and Content

The material mainly relates to refereeing work at Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, dated 1963-1968.

Dates: 1963-1968

Background information on DNA research and the proposed moratorium, 1974

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/2/F.119
Scope and Content

The material consists of background information on DNA research and the proposed moratorium, relating to discussion on 'Controversy' programme shown on BBC2, 1974. First of 2 folders.

Dates: 1974

'Bacterial Enzyme Adaptation', 1950

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/1/F.4
Scope and Content

The naterial consists of manuscript notes paginated [1]-8 for lecture'Bacterial Enzyme Adaptation' by Martin Rivers Pollock, given 11 July 1950.

Dates: 1950

'Bacterial penicillinase', Berkeley, 13 October and La Jolla, California, USA, 15 October 1970, 1970

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/1/F.75
Scope and Content

The material consists of manuscript notes for lecture 'Bacterial penicillinase' by Martin Rivers Pollock, given at Berkeley, 13 October and La Jolla, California, USA, 15 October 1970. An annotation suggests the lecture was also given in Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Bristol.

Dates: 1970

Additional filters:

Type
Archival Object 346
Collection 1
 
Subject
Lectures and Lecturing 109
Correspondence 98
Biology 27
Penicillin 17
Santiago (Chile) 6