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Pollock, Martin Rivers, 1914-1999 (professor of biology, University of Edinburgh)

 Person

Biography

Martin Rivers Pollock was born on 10 December 1914, the son of Hamilton Rivers Pollock and Eveline Morton Pollock. He attended Winchester College before gaining a place at Trinity College Cambridge in 1933 (Senior Scholarship 1936). At Cambridge he studied Medicine (pre-clinical), moving to University College Hospital Medical School, London to complete his medical training in 1937-1939. He qualified M.B., B.Chir. in 1940.

Pollock held hospital appointments at University College Hospital and Brompton Chest Hospital 1939-1941 before joining the Emergency Public Health Laboratory Service as a Bacteriologist in 1941. In 1943 he was seconded to a Medical Research Council unit to work on infective hepatitis. In 1945 Pollock was formally taken onto the staff of the Medical Research Council. He worked at the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Mill Hill, London, initially under Sir Paul Fildes before being appointed Head of the Division of Bacterial Physiology in 1949. He remained at the NIMR to 1965, spending two periods (1948 and 1952-1953) studying in the laboratory of Jacques Monod at the Institut Pasteur, Paris. Pollock had for some years being considering the possibility of establishing a unit for teaching and research in molecular biology, which would bring together bacterial genetics and biochemistry, and a number of possible locations had been evaluated. M.M. Swann, the Dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of Edinburgh, persuaded Pollock to move north and in 1965 Pollock was appointed Professor of Biology at Edinburgh. Shortly afterwards, his colleague William Hayes moved from the MRC Unit for Bacterial Genetics at Hammersmith Hospital London. Together they established at Edinburgh the Department of Molecular Biology, the first such teaching department in the world. Pollock took early retirement in 1976, moving to Dorset. He took no further active part in scientific research but maintained his growing interest in the relationship between science and art, organising a major conference on the subject in 1981. He died in December 1999. Pollock's thirty years of scientific research from the end of the Second World War, both at the NIMR and Edinburgh University, focused on enzyme induction in bacteria. He studied the mechanism by which beta-lactamase enzymes (particularly penicillinase) are involved in the development of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. For his contributions in this area Pollock was elected to the Fellowship of the Royal Society in 1962. In the 1970s Pollock became interested in developments in biotechnology and artificial intelligence, encouraging interdepartmental cooperation in these areas.

Found in 347 Collections and/or Records:

Correspondence and notes, 1945-1964

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/E/2/E.99
Scope and Contents

The material consists of shorter exchanges between Martin Rivers Pollock and scientific periodicals and publishers, 1945-1964.

Dates: 1945-1964

Correspondence and notes, 1965-1968

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/E/2/E.100
Scope and Contents

The material consists of shorter exchanges between Martin Rivers Pollock and scientific periodicals and publishers, 1965-1968.

Dates: 1965-1968

Correspondence and notes, 1970-1982, no date.

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/E/2/E.101
Scope and Contents

The material consists of shorter exchanges between Martin Rivers Pollock and scientific periodicals and publishers, 1970-1982 and no date.

Dates: 1970-1982, no date.

Correspondence and papers, 1967-1971

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/C/5/C.23
Scope and Content

The material consists of correspondence and papers, dated 1967-1971. It includes 'Summary of discussion and agreement in Principal's room, Old College, on 19th March 1971' on the future of the Department of Machine Intelligence and Perception.

Dates: 1967-1971

Correspondence and papers, April 1971

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/C/5/C.24
Scope and Content

The material consists of correspondence and papers, dated APril 1971. It includes 'An outline of proposals to form the basis for an agreement to establish a Federation, Institute or School of Artificial Intelligence at Edinburgh University' drafted by Pollock.

Dates: April 1971

Correspondence and papers, May 1971

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/C/5/C.25
Scope and Content

The material consists of correspondence and papers relating to negotiations on the proposed new Institute or Federation, dated May 1971.

Dates: May 1971

Correspondence and papers, June 1971

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/C/5/C.26
Scope and Content

The material consists of correspondence and papers, dated June 1971. It includes 'Proposed Federal Structure for the Department of Machine Intelligence and Perception, and the Metamathematics Unit'.

Dates: June 1971

Correspondence and papers, April 1963-August 1963

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/C/C.1
Scope and Contents

The material consists of correspondence and papers of Martin Rivers Pollock, dated April 1963-August 1963. It includes a 3 page typescript, 'Outlined proposal for an Institute of Molecular Microbiology' by Pollock and William Hayes, 2 July 1963 and response of Sir Harold Himsworth, Head of the MRC, asking for more detailed proposals.

Dates: April 1963-August 1963

Correspondence and papers, September 1963-October 1963

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/C/C.2
Scope and Content

The material consists of correspondence and papers of Martin Rivers Pollock, dated September 1963-October 1963. It includes a draft and final copy of 'Trends and prospects in Microbial Biochemistry and Genetics' by Pollock and William Hayes sent to Harold Himsworth, 3 October; and draft and final copy of their 'Proposal for an Institute of Molecular Biology', sent in response to his reply to 'Trends and prospects', 28 October.

Dates: September 1963-October 1963

Correspondence and papers re. content and running of the course, 1970-1971

 Item
Identifier: Coll-1586/C/4/C.19
Scope and Contents

The material consists of correspondence and papers re. content and running of the mini-course, 'The evolution of Molecular Biology', dated 1970-1971.

Dates: 1970-1971

Additional filters:

Type
Archival Object 346
Collection 1
 
Subject
Lectures and Lecturing 109
Correspondence 98
Biology 27
Penicillin 17
Santiago (Chile) 6