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Pollock, Martin Rivers, 1914-1999 (professor of biology, University of Edinburgh)

 Person

Biography

Martin Rivers Pollock was born on 10 December 1914, the son of Hamilton Rivers Pollock and Eveline Morton Pollock. He attended Winchester College before gaining a place at Trinity College Cambridge in 1933 (Senior Scholarship 1936). At Cambridge he studied Medicine (pre-clinical), moving to University College Hospital Medical School, London to complete his medical training in 1937-1939. He qualified M.B., B.Chir. in 1940.

Pollock held hospital appointments at University College Hospital and Brompton Chest Hospital 1939-1941 before joining the Emergency Public Health Laboratory Service as a Bacteriologist in 1941. In 1943 he was seconded to a Medical Research Council unit to work on infective hepatitis. In 1945 Pollock was formally taken onto the staff of the Medical Research Council. He worked at the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Mill Hill, London, initially under Sir Paul Fildes before being appointed Head of the Division of Bacterial Physiology in 1949. He remained at the NIMR to 1965, spending two periods (1948 and 1952-1953) studying in the laboratory of Jacques Monod at the Institut Pasteur, Paris. Pollock had for some years being considering the possibility of establishing a unit for teaching and research in molecular biology, which would bring together bacterial genetics and biochemistry, and a number of possible locations had been evaluated. M.M. Swann, the Dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of Edinburgh, persuaded Pollock to move north and in 1965 Pollock was appointed Professor of Biology at Edinburgh. Shortly afterwards, his colleague William Hayes moved from the MRC Unit for Bacterial Genetics at Hammersmith Hospital London. Together they established at Edinburgh the Department of Molecular Biology, the first such teaching department in the world. Pollock took early retirement in 1976, moving to Dorset. He took no further active part in scientific research but maintained his growing interest in the relationship between science and art, organising a major conference on the subject in 1981. He died in December 1999. Pollock's thirty years of scientific research from the end of the Second World War, both at the NIMR and Edinburgh University, focused on enzyme induction in bacteria. He studied the mechanism by which beta-lactamase enzymes (particularly penicillinase) are involved in the development of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. For his contributions in this area Pollock was elected to the Fellowship of the Royal Society in 1962. In the 1970s Pollock became interested in developments in biotechnology and artificial intelligence, encouraging interdepartmental cooperation in these areas.

Found in 347 Collections and/or Records:

Contributions by Pollock and members of the Department of Bacterial Physiology for Annual Reports of the NIMR, 1956-1959

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/B/B.3
Scope and Content

The material consists of typescript drafts of contributions by Pollock and members of the Department of Bacterial Physiology for Annual Reports of the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), dated 1956-1959.

Dates: 1956-1959

Contributions by Pollock and members of the Department of Bacterial Physiology for Annual Reports of the NIMR, 1960-1962

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/B/B.4
Scope and Content

The material consists of typescript drafts of contributions by Pollock and members of the Department of Bacterial Physiology for Annual Reports of the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), dated 1960-1962.

Dates: 1960-1962

Contributions by Pollock and members of the Department of Bacterial Physiology for Annual Reports of the NIMR, 1963

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/B/B.5
Scope and Content

The material consists of typescript drafts of contributions by Pollock and members of the Department of Bacterial Physiology for Annual Reports of the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), dated 1963.

Dates: 1963

Contributions by Pollock and members of the Department of Bacterial Physiology for Annual Reports of the NIMR, 1964

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/B/B.7
Scope and Contents

The material consists of typescript drafts of contributions by Pollock and members of the Department of Bacterial Physiology for Annual Reports of the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), dated 1964.

Dates: 1964

'Control and structural mutations in B. lichenformi Penicillinase', Pittsburgh, USA, 30 October 1964, 1964

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/1/F.45
Scope and Content

The material consists of manuscript notes for lecture 'Control and structural mutations in B. lichenformi Penicillinase' by Martin Rivers Pollock, given at Pittsburgh, USA, 30 October 1964

Dates: 1964

Copy of Pollock's article as sent to the editor and as published; newscuttings of the TV programme correspondence arising from Pollock's letter, 1981

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/E/1/E.53
Scope and Contents

The material consists of a copy of Pollock's article as sent to the editor and as published; copies of newspaper coverage of the TV programme, 'Playing for Time'; and letters to The Guardian arising from Pollock's letter, dated 1981.

Dates: 1981

Correspondence, December 1963-June 1964

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/C/C.3
Scope and Contents

The material consists of correspondence of Martin Rivers Pollock, dated December 1963-June 1964.

Dates: December 1963-June 1964

Correspondence, December 1965-March 1966

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/C/3/C.11
Scope and Contents

The material consists of correspondence of Martin Rivers Pollock, dated December 1965-March 1966.

Dates: December 1965-March 1966

Correspondence, April 1966-December 1966

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/C/3/C.12
Scope and Contents

The material consists of correspondence of Martin Rivers Pollock, dated April 1966-December 1966.

Dates: April 1966-December 1966

Correspondence, 1966-1967

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/C/3/C.13
Scope and Contents

The material consists of correspondence of Martin Rivers Pollock, dated 1966-1967. It includes correspondence regarding the conferral of Personal Chair on Charlotte Auerbach, December 1966-January 1967.

Dates: 1966-1967

Additional filters:

Type
Archival Object 346
Collection 1
 
Subject
Lectures and Lecturing 109
Correspondence 98
Biology 27
Penicillin 17
Santiago (Chile) 6