MS 43: Book of Hours (Use of Sarum), c 1500
Scope and Contents
- January (f. 1r) – (a) Man feasting at a table. (b) Aquarius pouring from two pitchers.
- February (f. 2r) – (a) Man sitting by a fire, servant bringing a bundle of wood. (b) Pisces, in stream.
- March (f. 3r) – (a) Two men pruning vine. (b) Aries, starry background.
- April (f. 4r) – (a) Young man and maiden in walled garden pulling flowers. (b) Taurus, against red and gold scroll ground.
- May (f. 5r) – (a) Young man and maiden riding. (b) Gemini.
- June (f. 6r) – (a) Hay harvest, man with scythe, woman with rake. (b) Cancer, against red and gold scroll ground.
- July (f. 7r) – (a) Corn harvest, reaper and binder. (b) Leo, against red and gold scroll ground.
- August (f. 8r) – (a) Threshing with flail. (b) Virgo, maiden with flowers.
- September (f. 9r) – (a) Treading grapes. (b) Libra, maiden with scales.
- October (f. 10r) – (a) Sowing. (b) Scorpio, against red and gold scroll ground.
- November (f. 11r) – (a) Man feeding swine, maiden with distaff. (b) Sagittarius, centaur with bow.
- December (f. 12r) – (a) Killing a pig, three figures. (b) Capricornus, springing up hillside.
- Sequences (f. 13r-15r) – Picture of Saint John missing. Pictures of the other evangelists with their symbols inset in the text: Luke (f. 13r), Matthew (f. 14r), Mark (f. 15r).
- Obsecro te (f. 16r) – Three-quarter-page Pietà with Saint John, Mary Magdalene and two other Maries. Cross with landscape and city in the distance behind.
- O intemerata (f. 18v) – Inset in text. Half-length Virgin nourishing Child.
- Virgo templum (f. 22r) – Virgin and Child enthroned. Winged angels with harp and lute kneeling on either side.
- Gaude flore virginali (f. 25v) – Coronation of the Virgin. Virgin and Child in gold mandorla against azure sky with stars, crowned by two flying angels.
- Matins of the Blessed Virgin Mary (f. 28r) – Annunciation. Within a Gothic-arched chamber Virgin kneels at desk on the left. Gabriel, winged, with scroll, wearing an apparelled amice, alb, and large rich cloth of gold dalmatic with bold pattern, kneels on the right, a lily pot between them.
- Lauds (f. 34r) – Visitation. Mary and Elizabeth greet one another; two angels in cloth of gold follow the Virgin; hilly landscape, city and lake in distance.
- Memorie at Lauds (all inset in text). The Holy Spirit (f. 40r) – Descent of the Dove, nimbed with flame, upon the Virgin and the Twelve in the upper room.
- Trinity (f. 40v) – The Father, with cross-nimbus of rays, orb and cross in his left hand, right hand blessing, seated with the Son, cross-nimbus of rays, bearing the Cross and showing wounds in hands and side; the Dove, with a circular nimbus enclosing a cross, between them.
- Saint John the Baptist (f. 41r) – The saint, nimbed, bearing the lamb in his arms, in a rocky, hilly region.
- Saints Peter and Paul (f. 41r) – Two saints, nimbed, with their emblems, keys and sword, each carrying a book.
- Saint James (f. 41v) – The saint, nimbed, with staff, satchel, and open book.
- Saint Stephen (f. 42r) – Vested as a deacon, in amice with gold apparel, alb, and blue and gold shot dalmatic, stoned by two men.
- Saint Laurence (f. 42v) – Vested similarly, but with red dalmatic, carrying a book of the Gospels in one hand and a gridiron in the other.
- Saint Thomas Martyr (f. 43r) – His martyrdom. Saint Thomas in amice with gold apparel, alb, and blue chasuble with gold orphrey, stands on a wooden footpace in front of an altar which has a plain grey front, apparently without a frontal, but with a deep scarlet frontlet embroidered with gold. The mensa is covered with a fair linen cloth which hangs down over the south end of the altar. On the middle is spread the corporal, and upon it stands the chalice, in front of which lies the paten. An open book lies on the south side of the altar. Behind the altar is a low reredos consisting of a large panel on which are two images. At each end of the reredos red riddel curtains, powdered with gold spots or stars, hang from rods which are turned up at the ends. A clerk in alb and amice is at the south end of the altar. Two murderers in armour, one cleaving the saint's skull.
- Saint George (f. 43r) – Saint in gold and silver armour with red cross, mounted on white charger, attacks dragon with his spear. Princess kneels in the distance beside a lamb grazing, castle in background.
- Saint Nicholas (f. 43v) – Vested as bishop, in amice and alb, red dalmatic, blue cope with gold orphrey, white mitre, holds in his right hand a crosier, while with his left he blesses the three attendant children.
- Saint Mary Magdalene (f. 44r) – Saint bearing her alabaster box of ointment.
- Saint Margaret (f. 44v) – Saint clad in blue and red, holding a gold cross, is represented in the jaws of a green and gold dragon.
- Saint Katherine (f. 45r) – Saint crowned, bearing palm branch, wheel behind her, transfixes the Emperor Maximian, who lies prone beside her, through the head with a sword.
- All Saints (f. 45r) – Deity with orb and cross, enthroned, surrounded by a red and blue cloud of cherubim and seraphim. The Virgin and Saint John on raised dais at either side. A crowd of saints of every type around, including the Saints Peter, Paul, Stephen, Mary Magdalene, Katherine, Barbara; a pope, a cardinal, a soldier, a bishop, etc.
- Peace (f. 45v) – Deity in triple tiara, nimbed, with jewelled robe, bearing orb and cross; angels on either side.
- Matins of the Cross (f. 46r) – Inset. Crucifixion.
- Prime (f. 47r) – The Nativity. Virgin and Saint Joseph adoring the naked babe in a mandorla of rays on the ground. Two gold angels kneel behind, the ox and the ass in manger on the left, two shepherds looking over wattled enclosure.
- Terce (f. 50v) – Angel and shepherds. Three shepherds, two with crooks, one with bagpipes, a woman fondling a sheep, a dog, groups of sheep. Gold angel in cloud above with scroll; city, river, and hills in the distance.
- Penitential Psalms (f. 55r) – David praying beside a throne on the right, his hat and harp on the ground nearby, Nathan addresses him on the left. Head and shoulders of Deity, cross-nimbed, in the cloud above, bearing orb in the left hand, sword, spear, and scourge in the right.
- Office of the Dead (f. 94r) – The interior of a church, showing Mass for the Dead. In the foreground the coffin, with a pointed top, is covered by a blue hearse-cloth powdered with gold flowers and marked with a large gold cross extending its whole length and breadth. At the intersection of the arms of this cross a plain rectangular yellow panel, which may be an additional cloth separate from the hearse-cloth, is marked with a cross. Four lighted tapers of yellow wax stand in brass candlesticks, two on either side of the coffin. At the west end of the coffin is a large wooden book desk at which four clerks, in full surplices with narrow sleeves, and embroidered copes with gold orphreys, two of which are red and one blue with a green lining, are singing the service. In the background on the left is the altar. It is without a frontal, and the grey front of the altar is visible, having a plain sunk panel. There is a deep blue frontlet embroidered with gold, but without fringe. On the mensa can be seen the chalice. Behind is a low reredos with the central part raised and a sunk panel carved with a crucifixion and attendant saints. At the south end a blue riddel curtain, powdered with gold spots or stars, is pushed back to make room for the deacon who is standing at the south end of the altar with one arm resting upon it. Before the altar is a wooden footpace, on the middle of which stands the celebrant, and at the north end of which the subdeacon is kneeling facing south. The sacred ministers are vested in amices with gold apparels, albs, dalmatics and tunicles, which are plain except that the chasuble has a narrow Ψ cross orphrey.
- Domine Deus Omnipotens (f. 112v) – Father, seated with Son upon his knees, naked and showing wounds. The Dove rests on their shoulders.
- Mass of Saint Gregory (f. 117r) – Saint Gregory kneels before an altar on which stands the Image of Pity, supported from behind by an angel. The altar is without a frontal, and is of plain grey material, presumably stone, with a moulded plinth, the front and end having single plain sunk panels. There is a deep blue frontlet embroidered with gold without a fringe. The mensa is covered with a linen cloth which hangs about halfway down the end, is not fringed, but appears to be embroidered with plain bands. On the middle of the altar is the corporal on which stands the chalice, and an open book lies on the south side. There is a low reredos with a sunk panel, on which is a series of small carved figures. At each end of the reredos pink riddel curtains powdered with gold rings hang from brass rods turned up at the ends. On the footpace Saint Gregory is kneeling, vested in amice with gold apparel, alb, blue dalmatic, pink chasuble lined with green, with narrow Ψ cross orphrey, white tiara with three crowns. Behind him kneel deacon and subdeacon in amices with gold apparels, albs, and plain blue tunicles. Two cardinals are behind them, and the instruments of the Passion are in the background.
- Memoria of the Holy Face (f. 125v) – S.aintVeronica with the Holy Face, rayed, on a white cloth.
- [Saint Jerome Psalter – The beginning is missing]
- Rhymed Memoria of Saint James (f. 141v) – Saint seated with book, staff, and wallet.
- Saint Christopher (f. 142v) – Saint in midstream with Christ-Child on his shoulders. The Child holds orb in left hand and blesses with right. Ferryman on right bank holds lantern.
- Saint George (f. 144r) – Saint in gold armour, silver shield with red cross, white charger, smiting a green dragon. The princess kneels behind with lamb beside her. King and queen look down from battlements behind.
- Saint Adrian (f. 145r) – Saint in golden armour with blue cloak, red cap, sword, silver anvil in left hand, lion at his feet.
- Suffrage of Saint Thomas Martyr (f. 145v) – Same treatment as on f. 43, but a larger and finer picture with a little more detail.
- Saint Sebastian (f. 147r) – Saint in the act of being bound to a tree, two men shooting at him with arrows.
- Saint Erasmus (f. 148v) – His martyrdom. He lies naked, fastened in a windlass, which is worked by two men, while the king and three nobles look on; hilly scenery.
- [Picture of Saint Ninian missing].
- Saint Francis (f. 150r) – Saint in brown robe receiving the stigmata, scarlet-winged, crucified Christ suspended above.
- Saint Barbara (f. 150v) – Saint with palm branch standing beside tower.
- [Probably at least six more miniatures are missing].
- c 1500
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
1 bound MS volume
Existence and Location of Copies
Collation: a12, b7 (wants 1), c8, d8, e7 (wants 6), f8, g4 (wants 4 folios), h8, i8, k5 (wants 3; this whole gathering is misplaced, it should follow g), l7 (wants 1), m8, n8, o3, p7 (wants 1), q6, r7 (wants 5), s8, t7 (wants 1), v8, x7 (wants 6) = 151.