MS 164: Medical text by Petrus Musandinus, 12th century
This text is entitled Liber medicinae secundum Petrum de Musandia ('Second book of medicine of Peter Musandinus'). Petrus Musandinus was a 12th-century physician from the school of Salerno. Musandinus was probably the student of another important Salernitian physician and writer, Bartholomeus of Salerno who produced a commentary on the collection of Hippocratic medical texts fundamental to medieval medicine: the Articella. Petrus Musandinus himself produced a work, seemingly based on the lectures of his teacher at Salerno, Bartholomeus. Petrus also inspired the next generation of Salernitian medical scholars and commentators, as his student Maurus produced another Salernitian commentary on the Articella in the next generation.
The text contained in MS 164 is attributed to Petrus Musandinus, and claims to be his second book of medicine. Musandinus' most known work is the 'summa de preparatione ciborum et potuum,' yet this text does not match with that work.
The text begins on f. 1r with the words Liber medicinae secundum magistrum Petrum de Musandia. Circa omnium egritudinum genera triplex curacionum modus occurrum. This incipit (first line of text) is reported in Lynn Thorndike and Pearl Kibre's catalogue of Latin medieval scientific incipits. Along with MS 164, they note three other manuscripts that contain a text with at least this same title and incipit.
The text of MS 164 ends on f. 58v, with the words tertiane de colera atro.
Well written, with plain red capitals, one decorative initial at the beginning in red touched with blue.
- Creation: 12th century
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open to all. The manuscripts can be consulted in the Centre for Research Collections, Edinburgh University Main Library.
1 bound MS volume
There is a partially erased inscription, written in the late 13th or early 14th century, on f. 1r, Liber monasterii sancti Martini maioris in Colonia quondam venerabilis magistri Gerardi de Hammont Canonici Sancti Andree [...]. ('Book of the Monastery of the Great Saint Martin in Cologne, and before this to the venerable master Gerard de Hammont Saint Andrew...'). 'Gerard de Hammont' might be Gerard Van Hamont, Prior of Cologne Charterhouse in the 16th century. This is only visible through use of ultraviolet light, otherwise the line from 'sancti' to 'quondam' is completely scratched off. More text follows 'Andree', but it has been cut off by the cropping of the folio.
On the front fly-leaf is the signature of Alex Walker, Dean of Guild, Aberdeen (d. 1903).
Title given to the manuscript in Catherine Borland’s catalogue: Medicixa Petri de Musandia.
D. b. V. 20.
Collation: a8-f8, g10=58.
19.69 cm X 13.97 cm
Secundo folio: nullis comunicant
Foliation and number of lines to a page: ff. 58, double columns, 39 lines to a page.
- Walker, Alexander, 1825-1903 (wine merchant and dean of guild in Aberdeen) (Former owner, Person)
- Scuola medica salernitana (9th-19th century) (first medical school of medieval Europe) (Organization)
- Hamont, Gerard, Van, fl 1500-1599 (Prior of Cologne Charterhouse) (Former owner, Person)
- Benedictine Monastery of Great Saint Martin (Cologne) (Former owner, Organization)