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Pollock, Martin Rivers, 1914-1999 (professor of biology, University of Edinburgh)

 Person

Biography

Martin Rivers Pollock was born on 10 December 1914, the son of Hamilton Rivers Pollock and Eveline Morton Pollock. He attended Winchester College before gaining a place at Trinity College Cambridge in 1933 (Senior Scholarship 1936). At Cambridge he studied Medicine (pre-clinical), moving to University College Hospital Medical School, London to complete his medical training in 1937-1939. He qualified M.B., B.Chir. in 1940.

Pollock held hospital appointments at University College Hospital and Brompton Chest Hospital 1939-1941 before joining the Emergency Public Health Laboratory Service as a Bacteriologist in 1941. In 1943 he was seconded to a Medical Research Council unit to work on infective hepatitis. In 1945 Pollock was formally taken onto the staff of the Medical Research Council. He worked at the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Mill Hill, London, initially under Sir Paul Fildes before being appointed Head of the Division of Bacterial Physiology in 1949. He remained at the NIMR to 1965, spending two periods (1948 and 1952-1953) studying in the laboratory of Jacques Monod at the Institut Pasteur, Paris. Pollock had for some years being considering the possibility of establishing a unit for teaching and research in molecular biology, which would bring together bacterial genetics and biochemistry, and a number of possible locations had been evaluated. M.M. Swann, the Dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of Edinburgh, persuaded Pollock to move north and in 1965 Pollock was appointed Professor of Biology at Edinburgh. Shortly afterwards, his colleague William Hayes moved from the MRC Unit for Bacterial Genetics at Hammersmith Hospital London. Together they established at Edinburgh the Department of Molecular Biology, the first such teaching department in the world. Pollock took early retirement in 1976, moving to Dorset. He took no further active part in scientific research but maintained his growing interest in the relationship between science and art, organising a major conference on the subject in 1981. He died in December 1999. Pollock's thirty years of scientific research from the end of the Second World War, both at the NIMR and Edinburgh University, focused on enzyme induction in bacteria. He studied the mechanism by which beta-lactamase enzymes (particularly penicillinase) are involved in the development of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. For his contributions in this area Pollock was elected to the Fellowship of the Royal Society in 1962. In the 1970s Pollock became interested in developments in biotechnology and artificial intelligence, encouraging interdepartmental cooperation in these areas.

Found in 305 Collections and/or Records:

5pp typescript notes on 'Genetic intrusions', c. 1970s

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/D/1/D.36
Scope and Contents

The material consists of 5pp typescript notes on 'Genetic intrusions', no date, c. 1970s.

Dates: c. 1970s

6 page typescript with manuscript corrections, April 1979

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/E/1/E.48
Scope and Contents

The material consists of 6 page typescript with manuscript corrections, dated April 1979 relating to article 'Common denominators in Art and Science' by Martin Rivers Pollock with T. Barrett, Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, vol. 6 (1981), 214-220.

Dates: April 1979

7 page photocopy typescript and 3 page bibliography, c. 1980

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/E/1/E.49
Scope and Contents

The material consists of 7 page photocopy typescript and 3 page bibliography, c. 1980 relating to article 'Common denominators in Art and Science' by Martin Rivers Pollock with T. Barrett, Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, vol. 6 (1981), 214-220.

Dates: c. 1980

7 page typescript plus references, etc., 1960

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/1/F.29
Scope and Contents

The material consists of 7 page typescript plus references, etc. for lecture 'The specificity of enzyme induction' by Martin Rivers Pollock, presented at the Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh symposium, May 1960.

Dates: 1960

9 page typescript 'Final draft' of Pollock's contribution, 1971

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/2/F.114
Scope and Contents

The material consists of a 9 page typescript 'Final draft' of Martin Rivers Pollock's contribution 'Molecular Biology', a BBC Radio programme for the Open University Science Foundation Course, 1971.

Dates: 1971

12 page duplicated typescript transcript, 1971

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/2/F.115
Scope and Content

The material consists of a 12 page duplicated typescript transcript of Martin Rivers Pollock's contribution to 'Molecular Biology', a BBC Radio programme for the Open University Science Foundation Course, 1971. Pages 1-5 record the discussion preceding Pollock's talk, involving R. Jones, W.L. Bragg and J.C. Kendrew.

Dates: 1971

14 page typescript draft, with covering letter and copy of possible illustration, 1978

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/E/1/E.43
Scope and Contents

The material consists of 14 page typescript draft, with covering letter and copy of possible illustration, relating to Martin Rivers Pollock's chapter 'An exciting but exasperating personality', published in ed. A. Lwoff and A. Ullmann, Origins of Molecular Biology: a tribute to Jacques Monod (New York: Academic Press, 1978).

Dates: 1978

16 page typescript with manuscript additions and corrections (in French), 1960

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/1/F.33
Scope and Content

The material consists of 16 page typescript with manuscript additions and corrections of French language version of lecture 'The secretion of enzymes by bacteria', by Martin Rivers Pollock presented for the 2nd Louis Rapkine Lecture at University of Paris, 1960.

Dates: 1960

16 page typescript with manuscript annotations and underlining, 1977

 File
Identifier: Coll-1586/F/1/F.100
Scope and Contents

The material consists of 16 page typescript with manuscript annotations and underlining for lecture 'The role of chance in biology: irritating irrelevancy or disturbing challenge?', by Martin Rivers Pollock, 1977.

Dates: 1977

Additional filters:

Type
Archival Object 304
Collection 1
 
Subject
Lectures and Lecturing 104
Correspondence 76
Biology 27
Penicillin 14
Santiago (Chile) 6