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Baillie, John, of Leys, 1772-1833 (Member of Parliament, and East India Company Official)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1772 - 1833

Biography

Hailing from Inverness, John Baillie of Leys entered the Bengal army of the East India Company in 1790 C.E., reaching the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1814. His competence as a linguist led to his appointment as Professor of Arabic and Persian and of “Mohammedan Law” at Fort William College, Calcutta, from 1801-1807, during which time he published a Course of Lectures on Arabic Grammar (1801), and An Entire and Correct Edition of the Five Books upon Arabic Grammar (1802-1805). He also fought during the second Anglo-Maratha War 1803-1805, and held teh position of Political Officer at Bundelkhand 1804-1806. In 1807 he was appointed British Resident (Political Agent) at the court of the Sa‘adat ‘Alī Khān, Nawwāb of Awadh (reigned 1798 – 1814), at Lucknow. He held this position for eight years.

On his retirement and return to Britain in 1816 he became a Member of Parliament, first for Heddon in England 1820-1830, and then for Inverness, Scotland, 1830-1833. He was also a Director of the East India Company at various times between 1823 and 1833. When Baillie died in London in 1833 his substantial manuscript collecion was overlooked. It was rediscovered there six years later by Duncan Forbes, Professor of Oriental Languages at King's College London, and subsequently returned to Baillie’s family in Scotland.

His grandson John B. Baillie of Leys bequeathed his grandfather's collection of 166 mainly Arabic and Persian manuscripts to the University Library in 1876. They are also listed in M. Hukk’s A descriptive catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library (1925).

Found in 167 Collections and/or Records:

Or Ms 91: سفرنامهٔ میر عزّت الله Safar-nāmah-i Mīr 'Izzat-allāh, undated copy (original text composed 19th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 91
Scope and Contents The author, Mīr 'Izzat-allāh (died at Kabul, 1241 A.H., 1825 C.E.), states that under instructions from William Moorcroft he started from Shahjahanabad (Dehli) on the 7th of Rajab, 1227 A.H. (20th April, 1812 C.E), and travelled through Kashmir, Tibet, Tashqand, Kashghar, Bhajan, Qoqan, Samarqand, Peshawar, and returned to Atak in the month of Zulhijjah, 1228 A.H. (16th December, 1813 C.E.). He was assisted in compiling an account of his travels by his companion, Ḥāfiẓ Fāz̤il Khān, whom he...
Dates: undated copy (original text composed 19th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 92: رسالهٔ ارثماطیقی (یعنی خواص اعداد) Risālah-i irs̲māṭīqī (ya'nī khavāṣ-i a'dād), undated

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 92
Scope and Contents

This is only the third fann, or part, of apparently a large work on arithmetic. The author's name is not given. In its present form it treats with that branch of the Theory of Numbers which is called Zawju al-Zawj), it is illustrated by numerous tables.

Dates: undated
[Please click twice to see the full manuscript]
[Please click twice to see the full manusc...

Or Ms 93: معراج التوحید Mi'rāj al-Tawḥīd, 1222 A.H., 1807 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 93
Scope and Contents A treatise in verse on the knowledge of the stars with a commentary upon the same in prose, by Mīrzā Abū Ṭalib Khān b. Ḥājjī Muḥammad Beg Khān Hindī Isfahānī (d. 1220 or 1221 A.H., 1805-1806 C.E.) The author in the introduction states that he was requested on his return from Europe by a friend to write his latest observations in the science of astronomy; the present treatise was accordingly compiled after a labour of two months in 1219 A.H. (1804 C.E.), and dedicated to Abū al-Fatḥ Sulṭān...
Dates: 1222 A.H.; 1807 C.E.

Or Ms 94: تحفة الملوک Tuḥfat al-Mulūk, undated copy (original text composed 11th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 94
Scope and Contents

The work is a short treatise intended for the instruction of princes and rulers, and consists of forty chapters, each containing four different pieces of advice. The author, whose name in this instance is not mentioned, was 'Abd-allāh Muḥammad al-Anṣarī of Herat (d. 481 A.H., 1088 C.E.). From the preface it would appear that the work is a compilation of the wise sayings of old philosophers and statesmen.

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 11th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 95: اخلاق ناصری Akhlāq-i Nāṣirī, 1146 A.H., 1735 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 95
Scope and Contents

A famous treatise on ethics, by Naṣīr al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-Ṭūsī, known as Naṣīr-i Ṭūsī, who was born, 597 A.H. (1201 C.E.) and died, 672 A.H. (1274 C.E.).

Dates: 1146 A.H.; 1735 C.E.

Or Ms 96: منهاج الطالبین Minhāj al-Ṭalibīn, 1146 A.H., 1735 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 96
Scope and Contents

A short treatise containing 145 selected pieces of advice in religious, moral, social, and political matters, by Naṣīr al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-Ṭūsī, known as Naṣīr-i Ṭūsī, who was born, 597 A.H. (1201 C.E.) and died, 672 A.H. (1274 C.E.). See Or Ms 95 for more of his work.

Dates: 1146 A.H.; 1735 C.E.

Or Ms 97: اخلاق محسنی Akhlāq-i Muḥsinī, 1216 A.H., 1801 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 97
Scope and Contents

This is a well-known work on ethics, by Kamāl al-Dīn Ḥusayn Vāʿiẓ Kāshifī, born ca. 840 A.H. (1436-37 C.E.) died. 910 A.H. (1504-5 C.E.).

Dates: 1216 A.H.; 1801 C.E.

Or Ms 98: شاهمانه Shāh-nāmah, 1226 A.H., 1811 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 98
Scope and Contents

The Persian "Book of Kings" and national epic, the rendition in verse by Abū'l-Qāsim Firdowsī ca. 329-410 A.H. (940-1019 C.E.).

Dates: 1226 A.H.; 1811 C.E.

Or Ms 99: کلّیات خاقانی Kulliyyāt-i Khāqānī, undated copy (original text composed 12th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 99
Scope and Contents

The poetical compositions of the celebrated Imām Afẓal al-Dīn Badil Ibrāhīm b. 'Alī Najjār "Khāqānī" of Shirvan, who originally wrote poetry under the name of Haqā'iqī d. 582 A.H.(1186 C.E.).

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 12th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 100: قصائد خاقانی Qaṣā'id-i Khāqānī, undated copy (original text composed 12th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 100
Scope and Contents

A collection of eighty-eight qaṣīdahs by the celebrated Imām Afẓal al-Dīn Badil Ibrāhīm b. 'Alī Najjār "Khāqānī" of Shirvan, who originally wrote poetry under the name of Haqā'iqī d. 582 A.H.(1186 C.E.).

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 12th cent. C.E.)