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Baillie, John, of Leys, 1772-1833 (Member of Parliament, and East India Company Official)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1772 - 1833

Biography

Hailing from Inverness, John Baillie of Leys entered the Bengal army of the East India Company in 1790 C.E., reaching the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1814. His competence as a linguist led to his appointment as Professor of Arabic and Persian and of “Mohammedan Law” at Fort William College, Calcutta, from 1801-1807, during which time he published a Course of Lectures on Arabic Grammar (1801), and An Entire and Correct Edition of the Five Books upon Arabic Grammar (1802-1805). He also fought during the second Anglo-Maratha War 1803-1805, and held teh position of Political Officer at Bundelkhand 1804-1806. In 1807 he was appointed British Resident (Political Agent) at the court of the Sa‘adat ‘Alī Khān, Nawwāb of Awadh (reigned 1798 – 1814), at Lucknow. He held this position for eight years.

On his retirement and return to Britain in 1816 he became a Member of Parliament, first for Heddon in England 1820-1830, and then for Inverness, Scotland, 1830-1833. He was also a Director of the East India Company at various times between 1823 and 1833. When Baillie died in London in 1833 his substantial manuscript collecion was overlooked. It was rediscovered there six years later by Duncan Forbes, Professor of Oriental Languages at King's College London, and subsequently returned to Baillie’s family in Scotland.

His grandson John B. Baillie of Leys bequeathed his grandfather's collection of 166 mainly Arabic and Persian manuscripts to the University Library in 1876. They are also listed in M. Hukk’s A descriptive catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library (1925).

Found in 167 Collections and/or Records:

Or Ms 61: تاج المصادر وتاج الاسامي Tāj al-maṣādir wa-tāj al-asāmī, 842 A.H., 1438 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 61
Scope and Contents

A dictionary of Arabic nouns and infinitives, including their derivations and equivalents in Persian by Abū Ja'far Aḥmad b. 'Alī Maqrī Bayḥaqī (nicknamed Ja'farak), d. 544 A.H. (1159 C.E.). It is stated by the author that this work refers in the first place to the Qur'ān, next to the traditions, and finally to ancient poetry.

Dates: 842 A.H.; 1438 C.E.

Or Ms 62: حیاة الحیوان Ḥayāt al-Ḥayawān, 805 A.H., 1402 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 62
Scope and Contents

A famous zoological dictionary, but it is something more. The work contains chapters on the history of the Arab rulers, on religion and law, annotations on the Qur'ān and dissertations on science, poetry, diction, etc. The author was Kamāl al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Mūsá b. 'Īsá b. 'Alī al-Damīrī (d. 808 A.H., 1406 C.E.), who compiled it in 773 A.H. (1371 C.E.).

Dates: 805 A.H.; 1402 C.E.

Or Ms 63: قاموس المحیط Qāmūs al-muḥīṭ, 1030 A.H., 1620 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 63
Scope and Contents

A very famous dictionary of the Arabic language, by Shaykh al-Islām Majd al-Dīn Abū Ṭahir Muḥammad b. Ya'qūb al-Fīrūzābādī (d. 817 A.H., 1414 C.E.), who extracted material for it chiefly from his earlier work entitled as al-'Ubāb w-al-Muḥkam, which was in 65 vols. The manuscript is in good preservation and complete.

Dates: 1030 A.H.; 1620 C.E.

Or Ms 64: قاموس المحیط Qāmūs al-muḥīṭ, undated copy (original text composed 15th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 64
Scope and Contents

A very famous dictionary of the Arabic language, by Shaykh al-Islām Majd al-Dīn Abū Ṭahir Muḥammad b. Ya'qūb al-Fīrūzābādī (d. 817 A.H., 1414 C.E.), who extracted material for it chiefly from his earlier work entitled as al-'Ubāb w-al-Muḥkam, which was in 65 vols. This copy is missing a few pages at the end.

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 15th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 65: رسالة باسیفین Risālat bā-sayfayn, 1229 A.H., 1813 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 65
Scope and Contents

A treatise on religious controversy between Christians and Muslims, by Jawwād Sabāt Bā-Sayfayn, who dedicated it to the Wazīr As'ad Pāshā, son of Sulaymān Pāshā, Governor of Baghdad.

Dates: 1229 A.H.; 1813 C.E.

Or Ms 66: اسماء الله الحسنی Asmā' Allāh al-ḥusná, undated

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 66
Scope and Contents

These are the 99 names of God in Arabic, written in bold naskh, with their meaning in Persian in nasta'līq, in red ink.

Dates: undated

Or Ms 67: انجیل مقدّس Injīl-i muqaddas, undated

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 67
Scope and Contents

A Persian translation of the New Testament.

Dates: undated

Or Ms 68: آئینه حق نماء Ā'īnah-i ḥaqnamā', undated copy (original text composed 17th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 68
Scope and Contents A work on the doctrines and ethics of the Christian religion, differences between its tenets and those of Islam, containing evidence aiming to prove its superiority over other religions. It was written and completed in 1018 A.H. (1609 C.E.) and dedicated to the Mughal Emperor Jahāngīr, by Geronimo, or, as some write it, Hieronymo Xavier, a native of Navarre, and a Jesuit, who came from Goa, where he was attached to the Catholic mission from 1571 C.E. till his death at the same place in...
Dates: undated copy (original text composed 17th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 69: دبستان مذاهب Dabistān-i maẕāhib, 1215 A.H., 1800 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 69
Scope and Contents

An exposition of the religious creeds and philosophical systems of the East. The author's name does not appear, but the work is probably attributable to Mubād-Shāh, who completed it shortly after 1063 A.H. (1653 C.E.). Comprising fifteen sections with numerous subsections, it gives a fair insight into the beliefs of the Parsis, Hindus, Buddhists, Jews, Christians, Muslims, Muwaḥḥids (unitarians), Philosophers, Sufis (theosophists), and several others.

Dates: 1215 A.H.; 1800 C.E.

Or Ms 70: علامات نجوم الفرقان 'Alāmāt-i-nujūm al-furqān, 1226 A.H., 1811 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 70
Scope and Contents

This work on the correct reading and recitation of the Qur'ān, was originally compiled in the 34th year of the reign of 'Ālamgīr (1093 A.H., 1682 C.E.) by Ibn Muḥammad Sa'īd Muṣṭafá. Printed volume.

Dates: 1226 A.H.; 1811 C.E.