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Baillie, John, of Leys, 1772-1833 (Member of Parliament, and East India Company Official)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1772 - 1833

Biography

Hailing from Inverness, John Baillie of Leys entered the Bengal army of the East India Company in 1790 C.E., reaching the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1814. His competence as a linguist led to his appointment as Professor of Arabic and Persian and of “Mohammedan Law” at Fort William College, Calcutta, from 1801-1807, during which time he published a Course of Lectures on Arabic Grammar (1801), and An Entire and Correct Edition of the Five Books upon Arabic Grammar (1802-1805). He also fought during the second Anglo-Maratha War 1803-1805, and held teh position of Political Officer at Bundelkhand 1804-1806. In 1807 he was appointed British Resident (Political Agent) at the court of the Sa‘adat ‘Alī Khān, Nawwāb of Awadh (reigned 1798 – 1814), at Lucknow. He held this position for eight years.

On his retirement and return to Britain in 1816 he became a Member of Parliament, first for Heddon in England 1820-1830, and then for Inverness, Scotland, 1830-1833. He was also a Director of the East India Company at various times between 1823 and 1833. When Baillie died in London in 1833 his substantial manuscript collecion was overlooked. It was rediscovered there six years later by Duncan Forbes, Professor of Oriental Languages at King's College London, and subsequently returned to Baillie’s family in Scotland.

His grandson John B. Baillie of Leys bequeathed his grandfather's collection of 166 mainly Arabic and Persian manuscripts to the University Library in 1876. They are also listed in M. Hukk’s A descriptive catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library (1925).

Found in 167 Collections and/or Records:

Or Ms 21: وفیات الاعیان Wafayāt al-a'yān, undated copy (original text composed 13th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 21
Scope and Contents

These are the famous biographies commenced in Cairo, 654 A.H. (1256 C.E.) and completed there, 672 A.H. (1274 C.E.) by the celebrated scholar, poet, and historian, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Ibrahīm b. Abī Bakr b. Khallikān (d. 681A.H., 1282 C.E.).

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 13th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 22: وفیات الاعیان Wafayāt al-a'yān, undated copy (original text composed 13th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 22
Scope and Contents

These are the famous biographies commenced in Cairo, 654 A.H. (1256 C.E.) and completed there, 672 A.H. (1274 C.E.) by the celebrated scholar, poet, and historian, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Ibrahīm b. Abī Bakr b. Khallikān (d. 681A.H., 1282 C.E.).

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 13th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 23: المنهل الصافي والمستوفي بعد الوافي al-Manhal al-ṣāfī-wa al-mustawfī ba'd al-wāfī, undated copy (original text composed 15th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 23
Scope and Contents

This is vol. i of the biographical dictionary of famous persons by Yusuf b. Taghrībirdī al-Mālikī al-Naṣīrī (d. 874 A.H., 1469 C.E.). In all other descriptions he is called al-Ẓahīrī. It begins with an account of the life and reign of al-Malik Mu'izz al-Dīn Aibak al-Turkmānī (fol. 2). The volume ends with the notes on Ṭalhah al-Maghribī. This work is a continuation of the al-Wāfī of al-Ṣafadī up to the time of the author.

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 15th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 24: کشف الظنون عن أسامي الکتب والفنون Kashf al-ẓunūn 'an 'asāmī al-kutub wa-al-funūn, undated copy (original text composed 17th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 24
Scope and Contents

An excellent MS. of an abridgement of the encyclopaedic and biographical dictionary of the famous Muṣṭafá b. 'Abd-allāh Kātib Chalabī, known as Ḥājjī Khalfah, who died (circ.) 1067 A.H. (1657 C.E.).

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 17th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 25: الجامع لقوی الادویه والاغذیه al-Jāmi' liquwá al-adwiyah wa-al-aghdhiyah, undated copy (original text composed 13th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 25
Scope and Contents

A dictionary of simple medicaments, originally compiled by Ḍiyā al-Dīn Abī Muḥammad b. 'Abd-allāh b. Aḥmad al-Mālikī al-Ashshāb, known as Ibn al-Bayṭār (d. 646 A.H., 1248 C.E.).

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 13th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 26: مفتاح الحساب Miftāḥ al-ḥussāb, 1092 A.H., 1681 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 26
Scope and Contents A treatise on general arithmetic by the celebrated astronomer Ghiyās al-Dīn Jamshīd b. Mas'ūd b. Maḥmūd al-Ṭayyib al-Kāshī, commonly known as Al-Ghayyās, (d. ca. 1436 C.E.) who dedicated the work to Mīrzā Ulugh Beg, grandson of Tīmūr (see fol. 4b). The author, who is reputed to have possessed rough manners, with little or no knowledge of the etiquette of the Court, was nevertheless a favourite with Ulugh Beg, who had appointed him one of the four keepers of his observatory, which had been...
Dates: 1092 A.H.; 1681 C.E.

Or Ms 27: تحریر اقلیدس Taḥrīr Uqlīdus, 882 A.H. and 982 A.H., 1477 C.E. and 1573 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 27
Scope and Contents This is a much more complete work of Euclid than the Greek text that has come down to us. It was translated from the Greek by the famous philosopher and astronomer Khwājah Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī (d. 672 A.H., 1274 C.E.) b. Imām Fakhr al-Dīn, and was brought to Spain by the Arabs, thence a knowledge of its contents was diffused throughout Europe long before the Greek original was discovered. In this work Naṣīr al-Dīn proves most of the propositions, sometimes in two, three, and four ways,...
Dates: 882 A.H. and 982 A.H.; 1477 C.E. and 1573 C.E.

Or Ms 28: مخروطاط ابلونیوس Makhrūṭāṭ Iblawniyūs, early 12th cent. A.H. at latest, early 18th cent. C.E. at latest

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 28
Scope and Contents The treatise on conic sections by Apollonius of Perga, who was born in the reign of Ptolemy Euergetes, and died during that of Ptolemy Philopater, who ruled 222-205 B.C. It is stated on fol. 52b that Apollonius dedicated the first three books of his conic sections to Eudemus. The treatise was originally in eight books, of which only the first four were known in Europe. About the middle of the seventeenth century the next three books were translated from an Arabic MS. dated 1250 C.E. The...
Dates: early 12th cent. A.H. at latest; early 18th cent. C.E. at latest

Or Ms 29: اخوان الصفا Ikhwān al-ṣafā, 1227 A.H., 1812 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 29
Scope and Contents

The first twenty of the philosophical treatises of the Ikhwan al-ṣafa (Brethren of Purity) on the dispute between the animals and man. Printed volume.

Dates: 1227 A.H.; 1812 C.E.

Or Ms 30: موارد الکلم وسلک درر الحکم Mawārid al-kilam wa-silk durar al-ḥikam, undated copy (original text composed 16th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 30
Scope and Contents

A work on ethics by the celebrated Shaykh Abū al-Fayḍ, eldest son of Shaykh Mubārak Nāgūrī, and brother of the equally celebrated Abū al-Faḍl. He was born at Agra, 954 A.H. (1547 C.E.), and on account of his literary talents became a great favourite with the Mughal Emperor Akbar (1542-1605 C.E.).

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 16th cent. C.E.)