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Baillie, John, of Leys, 1772-1833 (Member of Parliament, and East India Company Official)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1772 - 1833

Biography

Hailing from Inverness, John Baillie of Leys entered the Bengal army of the East India Company in 1790 C.E., reaching the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1814. His competence as a linguist led to his appointment as Professor of Arabic and Persian and of “Mohammedan Law” at Fort William College, Calcutta, from 1801-1807, during which time he published a Course of Lectures on Arabic Grammar (1801), and An Entire and Correct Edition of the Five Books upon Arabic Grammar (1802-1805). He also fought during the second Anglo-Maratha War 1803-1805, and held teh position of Political Officer at Bundelkhand 1804-1806. In 1807 he was appointed British Resident (Political Agent) at the court of the Sa‘adat ‘Alī Khān, Nawwāb of Awadh (reigned 1798 – 1814), at Lucknow. He held this position for eight years.

On his retirement and return to Britain in 1816 he became a Member of Parliament, first for Heddon in England 1820-1830, and then for Inverness, Scotland, 1830-1833. He was also a Director of the East India Company at various times between 1823 and 1833. When Baillie died in London in 1833 his substantial manuscript collecion was overlooked. It was rediscovered there six years later by Duncan Forbes, Professor of Oriental Languages at King's College London, and subsequently returned to Baillie’s family in Scotland.

His grandson John B. Baillie of Leys bequeathed his grandfather's collection of 166 mainly Arabic and Persian manuscripts to the University Library in 1876. They are also listed in M. Hukk’s A descriptive catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library (1925).

Found in 167 Collections and/or Records:

Or Ms 71: روضة الصفاء Rawz̤at al-ṣafāʼ, 1057 A.H., 1647 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 71
Scope and Contents

An excellent copy (seven volumes bound in one) in good preservation of the famous work on general history, composed around the turn of the 16th century C.E., by Muḥammad b. Khāvandshāh b. Maḥmūd, “Mīrkhānd”.

Dates: 1057 A.H.; 1647 C.E.

Or Ms 72: حبیب السیر في اخبار افراد البشر Ḥabīb al-siyar fī akhbār afrād al-bashar, undated copy (original text composed 16th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 72
Scope and Contents

This MS comprises the first two juz', or parts, of the third volume of the well-known general history, which was originally written in 927-930 A.H. (1521-1524 C.E.), by the grandson of Mīrkhānd who had completed Rawz̤at al-ṣafāʼ (see Or Ms 71), Ghiyās al-Dīn, known as Khānd-Amīr.

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 16th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 73: ظفرنامه Ẓafar-nāmah, undated copy (original text composed 15th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 73
Scope and Contents An authentic history of the great conqueror Tīmūr (Tamerlane) from his birth, 736 A.H. (1336 C.E.), to his death, 807 A.H. (1405 C.E.), collected from official records, by Mawlānā Sharaf al-Dīn 'Alī Yazdī (d. 858 A.H., 1454 C.E.), who was attached to the court of Sulṭān Shāhrukh Mīrzā, and subsequently of his son, Sulṭān Ibrāhīm Mīrzā, at whose desire the present work was compiled at Shiraz in four years and dedicated to Shāhrukh in 828 A.H. (1425 C.E.). The ...
Dates: undated copy (original text composed 15th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 74: ظفرنامه Ẓafar-nāmah, 1090 A.H., 1679 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 74
Scope and Contents An authentic history of the great conqueror Tīmūr (Tamerlane) from his birth, 736 A.H. (1336 C.E.), to his death, 807 A.H. (1405 C.E.), collected from official records, by Mawlānā Sharaf al-Dīn 'Alī Yazdī (d. 858 A.H., 1454 C.E.), who was attached to the court of Sulṭān Shāhrukh Mīrzā, and subsequently of his son, Sulṭān Ibrahim Mīrzā, at whose desire the present work was compiled at Shiraz in four years and dedicated to Shāhrukh in 828 A.H. (1425 C.E.). The ...
Dates: 1090 A.H.; 1679 C.E.

Or Ms 75: تیمورنامه Tīmūr-nāmah, 1191 A.H., 1776 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 75
Scope and Contents

A Persian version of the autobiographical institutes, political and military, of Tīmūr. It is to be noted that these memoirs are usually named Malfūẓāt-i Tīmūrī and were first translated and presented to the Mughal Emperor Shāh-Jahān about 1047 A.H. (1637 C.E.) by Abū Ṭalib al-Ḥusaynī Khurāsānī, from a copy in Turkī in the library of the Pasha, of Yemen.

Dates: 1191 A.H.; 1776 C.E.

Or Ms 76: واقعات بابری Vāqiʻāt-i Bāburī, 1215 A.H., 1798 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 76
Scope and Contents

A complete copy of the Persian version of the memoirs of the Mughal Emperor Bābur (1483-1530 C.E.).

Dates: 1215 A.H.; 1798 C.E.

Or Ms 77: طبقات اکبرشاهی Ṭabaqāt-i Akbar-Shāhī, undated copy (original text composed 16th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 77
Scope and Contents A most celebrated general history of India from the time of the Muslim conquest (367 A.H., 977 C.E.) to the 38th year of Mughal Emperor Akbar's reign (1002 A.H., 1593 A.D.). The work, which is the earliest pertaining exclusively to India, is also known under the titles of Ṭabaqāt-i Akbarī, Ta'rīkh-i Niẓamī, and Ta' rīkh-i Sulṭān-i Niẓamī. It was compiled by Niẓam al-Dīn Aḥmad b. Muḥammad Muqīm...
Dates: undated copy (original text composed 16th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 78: اکبرنامه Akbar-nāmah, undated copy (original text composed 16th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 78
Scope and Contents

The well-known history of the Emperor Akbar the Great, by his favourite Prime Minister and Secretary, Shaykh Abū al-Faz̤l " 'Allāmī " b. Shaykh Mubārak Nāgūrī. The author was in his time the most learned and elegant writer in the East.

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 16th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 79: دستورالعمل اکبری Dastūr al-'amal-i Akbarī, 1230 A.H., 1814 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 79
Scope and Contents

An account of the 22 ṣubahs (or provinces) of the Indian Empire, their subdivisions and revenue in the time of the Mughul sovereignty.

Dates: 1230 A.H.; 1814 C.E.

Or Ms 80: اقبال نامهٔ جهانگیری Iqbāl-nāmah-i Jahāngīrī, 1189 A.H., 1775 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 80
Scope and Contents

A history of the life and reign of Mughal Emperor Jahāngīr (1569-1627).

Dates: 1189 A.H.; 1775 C.E.