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Baillie, John, of Leys, 1772-1833 (Member of Parliament, and East India Company Official)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1772 - 1833

Biography

Hailing from Inverness, John Baillie of Leys entered the Bengal army of the East India Company in 1790 C.E., reaching the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1814. His competence as a linguist led to his appointment as Professor of Arabic and Persian and of “Mohammedan Law” at Fort William College, Calcutta, from 1801-1807, during which time he published a Course of Lectures on Arabic Grammar (1801), and An Entire and Correct Edition of the Five Books upon Arabic Grammar (1802-1805). He also fought during the second Anglo-Maratha War 1803-1805, and held teh position of Political Officer at Bundelkhand 1804-1806. In 1807 he was appointed British Resident (Political Agent) at the court of the Sa‘adat ‘Alī Khān, Nawwāb of Awadh (reigned 1798 – 1814), at Lucknow. He held this position for eight years.

On his retirement and return to Britain in 1816 he became a Member of Parliament, first for Heddon in England 1820-1830, and then for Inverness, Scotland, 1830-1833. He was also a Director of the East India Company at various times between 1823 and 1833. When Baillie died in London in 1833 his substantial manuscript collecion was overlooked. It was rediscovered there six years later by Duncan Forbes, Professor of Oriental Languages at King's College London, and subsequently returned to Baillie’s family in Scotland.

His grandson John B. Baillie of Leys bequeathed his grandfather's collection of 166 mainly Arabic and Persian manuscripts to the University Library in 1876. They are also listed in M. Hukk’s A descriptive catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library (1925).

Found in 167 Collections and/or Records:

Or Ms 31: المفصّل في صنعة الاعراب al-Mufaṣṣal fī ṣan'at al-i'rāb, undated copy (original text composed 12th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 31
Scope and Contents

A treatise on grammar, dealing chiefly and extensively with etymology and syntax, by the celebrated Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmud b. 'Umar al-Zamakhsharī (d. 538 A.H., 1143 C.E.).

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 12th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 32: شرح الشافیه Sharḥ al-Shāfiyah, undated copy (original text composed 13th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 32
Scope and Contents

A commentary upon al-Shāfiyah fī al-Ṣarf, a well-known treatise on inflection by Ibn Ḥājib (d. 646 A.H., 1248 C.E.). The author of the commentary is Raḍī al-Dīn Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-Raḍī al-Astarābādī (d. 686 A.H., 1287 C.E.), who also wrote a commentary upon al-Kāfiyah (see OR MS 33 for another such commentary).

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 13th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 33: الوافیه في شرح الکافیه al-Wāfiyah fī sharḥ al-Kāfiyah, undated copy (original text composed 13th-14th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 33
Scope and Contents

A commentary upon al-Kāfiyah, a well-known grammar treatise of Ibn Ḥājib (d. 646 A.H., 1248 C.E.). A few pages at the end are missing. The author was Sayyid Rukn al-Dīn Ḥasan b. Muḥammad al-Astarābādī (d. 715 or 717 A.H., 1315 or 1317 C.E.).

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 13th-14th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 34: مغنی اللبیب عن کتب الاعاریب Mughnī al-labīb 'an kutub al-a'ārīb, undated copy (original text composed 14th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 34
Scope and Contents

A famous treatise on grammar, by Jamāl al-Dīn 'Abd-allāh b. Yūsuf b. Hishām al-Anṣārī (d. 761 A.H., 1359 C.E.).

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 14th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 35: مغنی اللبیب عن کتب الاعاریب Mughnī al-labīb 'an kutub al-a'ārīb, undated copy (original text composed 14th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 35
Scope and Contents

A famous treatise on grammar, by Jamāl al-Dīn 'Abd-allāh b. Yūsuf b. Hishām al-Anṣārī (d. 761 A.H., 1359 C.E.).

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 14th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 36: رسالة في علم الاعراب Risālat fī 'ilm al-i'rāb, 1225 A.H., 1810 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 36
Scope and Contents

It is stated in the introduction that in Hindustan some learned grammarian had written a work based on the grammar of al-Shaykh al-'Allāmah lbn al-Ḥajib (d. 646 A.H., 1248 C.E.), and because this manuscript was getting much injured through age, the present copy was made. The work treats etymology and syntax, in good readable style.

Dates: 1225 A.H.; 1810 C.E.

Or Ms 37: نادر البیان في علم النحو Nādir al-bayān fī 'ilm al-naḥw, 1150 A.H., 1737 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 37
Scope and Contents

A treatise on grammar by Aḥmad b. al-Mas'ūd al-Ḥusaynī al-Harkāmī.

Dates: 1150 A.H.; 1737 C.E.

Or Ms 38: عباب اللباب في توضیح دقائق للاعراب 'Ubāb al-lubāb fī tawḍīḥ daqā'iq al-i'rāb, 843 A.H., 1434 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 38
Scope and Contents

A commentary upon the Lubāb al-I'rāb of Tāj al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. al-Sayf Isfarā'īnī Faḍl, who flourished about the end of the seventh century A.H. The author is not mentioned.

Dates: 843 A.H.; 1434 C.E.

Or Ms 39: المتداوله لدرس النحو al-Mutadāwilah li dars al-naḥw, undated

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 39
Scope and Contents

An entire and correct edition of five famous books upon Arabic grammar collated with the most ancient Mss. in India by Lieut. (afterwards Col.) John Baillie. The work is in two volumes, Or Ms 39 and 40.

Dates: undated

Or Ms 40: المتداوله لدرس النحو al-Mutadāwilah li dars al-naḥw, undated

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 40
Scope and Contents

An entire and correct edition of five famous books upon Arabic grammar collated with the most ancient Mss. in India by Lieut. (afterwards Col.) John Baillie. The work is in two volumes, Or Ms 39 and 40.

Dates: undated