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Baillie, John, of Leys, 1772-1833 (Member of Parliament, and East India Company Official)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1772 - 1833

Biography

Hailing from Inverness, John Baillie of Leys entered the Bengal army of the East India Company in 1790 C.E., reaching the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1814. His competence as a linguist led to his appointment as Professor of Arabic and Persian and of “Mohammedan Law” at Fort William College, Calcutta, from 1801-1807, during which time he published a Course of Lectures on Arabic Grammar (1801), and An Entire and Correct Edition of the Five Books upon Arabic Grammar (1802-1805). He also fought during the second Anglo-Maratha War 1803-1805, and held teh position of Political Officer at Bundelkhand 1804-1806. In 1807 he was appointed British Resident (Political Agent) at the court of the Sa‘adat ‘Alī Khān, Nawwāb of Awadh (reigned 1798 – 1814), at Lucknow. He held this position for eight years.

On his retirement and return to Britain in 1816 he became a Member of Parliament, first for Heddon in England 1820-1830, and then for Inverness, Scotland, 1830-1833. He was also a Director of the East India Company at various times between 1823 and 1833. When Baillie died in London in 1833 his substantial manuscript collecion was overlooked. It was rediscovered there six years later by Duncan Forbes, Professor of Oriental Languages at King's College London, and subsequently returned to Baillie’s family in Scotland.

His grandson John B. Baillie of Leys bequeathed his grandfather's collection of 166 mainly Arabic and Persian manuscripts to the University Library in 1876. They are also listed in M. Hukk’s A descriptive catalogue of the Arabic and Persian manuscripts in Edinburgh University Library (1925).

Found in 167 Collections and/or Records:

Or Ms 11: شرح مفاتیح الشرائع Sharḥ Mafātīḥ al-sharā'i', 1175 A.H., 1761 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 11
Scope and Contents

An extensive commentary upon Mafātīḥ al-sharā'i', a treatise on Islamic law by Mawlānā Muḥammad Muḥsin Kashānī (still alive in 1105 A.H.). The present work, compiled in 1090 A.H.(1679 C.E.), is by the author's nephew, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Murtaḍá, known as al-Raḍī.


This commentary is in two volumes, OR MS 11 and 12.

Dates: 1175 A.H.; 1761 C.E.

Or Ms 12: شرح مفاتیح الشرائع Sharḥ Mafātīḥ al-sharā'i', 1175 A.H., 1761 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 12
Scope and Contents

An extensive commentary upon Mafātīḥ al-sharā'i', a treatise on Islamic law, by Mawlānā Muḥammad Muḥsin Kashānī (still alive in 1105 A.H.). The present work, compiled in 1090 A.H. (1679 C.E.), is by the author's nephew, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Murtaḍá, known as al-Raḍī.


This commentary is in two volumes, OR MS 11 and 12.

Dates: 1175 A.H.; 1761 C.E.

Or Ms 13: مختلف الشیعه في احکام الشریعه Mukhtalif al-Shī'ah fī aḥkām al-sharī'ah, 958 A.H., 1551 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 13
Scope and Contents

Sections of an important digest on Shi'i law by the celebrated al-'Allāmah, Jamāl al-Dīn Abū Manṣūr al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf b. 'Alī b. al-Muṭahhar al-Ḥillī (d. aged 78, 726 A.H., 1325 C.E.).


The present incomplete copy consists of divisions 3 and 4 of the work, and is divided into six books. The topics treated among them include commerce, debts, trusts and deposits, rent, gifts, and marriage.

Dates: 958 A.H.; 1551 C.E.

Or Ms 14: مختلف الشیعه في احکام الشریعه Mukhtalif al Shī'ah fī aḥkām al-sharī'ah, 1087 A.H., 1676 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 14
Scope and Contents

Sections of an important digest on Shi'i law by the celebrated al-'Allāmah, Jamāl al-Dīn Abū Manṣūr al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf b. 'Alī b. al-Muṭahhar al-Ḥillī (d. aged 78, 726 A.H., 1325 C.E.).

Dates: 1087 A.H.; 1676 C.E.

Or Ms 15: فقه الامامیه Fiqh al-Imāmiyyah, 1205 A.H., 1790 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 15
Scope and Contents

A digest of Twelver Shi'ite Islamic Law by Sirāj al-Ḥaqq. The work (or this copy) was written at the request of Sir William Jones (so states a note at the beginning, and another at the end, in the hand of Col. John Baillie).

Dates: 1205 A.H.; 1790 C.E.

Or Ms 16: فقه السراجیه Fiqh al-Sirājiyyah, undated copy (original text composed 12th or 13th cent. C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 16
Scope and Contents

The well-known treatise on the Islamic Inheritance law by Muhammad b. Muḥammad Sirāj al-Dīn al-Sajāwandī (about 600 A.H., 1203 C.E.), whose name, however, does not appear in the present copy. OR MS 17 is a further volume of this work.

Dates: undated copy (original text composed 12th or 13th cent. C.E.)

Or Ms 17: فقه السراجیه في المساقاة Fiqh al-Sirājiyyah fī al-Musāqāh, undated

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 17
Scope and Contents

The well-known treatise on the Islamic Inheritance law by Muhammad b. Muḥammad Sirāj al-Dīn al-Sajāwandī (about 600 A.H., 1203 C.E.), whose name, however, does not appear in the present copy. This is the second volume of this work. Or Ms 16 is the first.

Dates: undated

Or Ms 18: فقه في الحدود والقصاص والتعزیرات Fiqh fī al-ḥudūd wa al-qiṣāṣ wa al-ta'zīrāt, undated

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 18
Scope and Contents A work treating legal punishment, retribution, and penal laws.It is stated in the introduction (fols. 1-4) that this work was compiled in the time of Henry Colebrooke and John Harris Harrington by a Mufti, whose name does not appear, at the direction of Capt. (afterwards Lieut. Col.) Baillie. Colebrooke spent time in South Asia in various roles under the East India Company between 1782 and 1815 C.E..The Mufti probably was Niẓām al-Dīn (a great-grandson of the famous...
Dates: undated

Or Ms 19: تأریخ الامم والملوک Tā'rīkh al-umam wa-al-mulūk, 876 A.H., 1471 C.E.

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 19
Scope and Contents

An abridgement of a work of world history (from the earliest times) by Abū Ja' far Muḥammad b. Jarīr b. Yazīd al-Ṭabarī (839 -923 C.E), a famous imam of Baghdad, great author, and one of the most eminent Iranian scholars of the early Abbasid era.

Dates: 876 A.H.; 1471 C.E.
Detail of page from the Compendium of Chronicles by Rashid al-Din. Shows text with central miniature depicting the Sultan Luhrasp seated on a throne, surrounded by attendants. [Please click twice to see the full manuscript]
Detail of page from the Compendium of Chro...

Or Ms 20: جامع التواریخ Jāmiʿ al-tawārīkh (Compendium of Chronicles), 714 A.H. (1314 C.E.)

 Item
Identifier: Or Ms 20
Scope and Contents This manuscript, among the most iconic items held by Edinburgh University Library, is one of the supreme masterpieces of Persian book painting and one of the most important medieval manuscripts from either West or East. Jāmiʿ al-tawārīkh was written by the historian and vizier to the Ilkhanid court, Rashīd al-Dīn Faḍl-allāh Ṭabīb Hamadānī (ca. 1247-1318 C.E.), and copied in Tabriz by the author's own scribes and illustrators. This fragment of the manuscript...
Dates: 714 A.H. (1314 C.E.)